Candide | Study Guide


Get the eBook on Amazon to study offline.

Buy on Amazon Study Guide
Cite This Study Guide

How to Cite This Study Guide

quotation mark graphic


Course Hero. "Candide Study Guide." Course Hero. 23 Sep. 2016. Web. 28 May 2022. <>.

In text

(Course Hero)



Course Hero. (2016, September 23). Candide Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved May 28, 2022, from

In text

(Course Hero, 2016)



Course Hero. "Candide Study Guide." September 23, 2016. Accessed May 28, 2022.


Course Hero, "Candide Study Guide," September 23, 2016, accessed May 28, 2022,

Chapter 9

Course Hero Literature Instructor Russell Jaffe provides an in-depth summary and analysis of Chapter 9 of Voltaire's novella Candide.

Candide | Chapter 9 | Summary



Don Issacar draws his dagger on Candide, who in turn runs his sword through his opponent. The Grand Inquisitor walks in, and Candide decides he has no choice but to kill him, too. The old woman has Cunégonde gather her money and jewelry while Candide saddles horses for their escape. They're 30 miles away by the time the Holy Brotherhood of the Inquisition shows up at the house. The Grand Inquisitor "is buried in a beautiful church" while Don Issacar is "thrown on to the town refuse heap."


Philosophical optimism and morally correct behavior don't always go hand in hand. Candide kills Don Issacar in self-defense but kills the Grand Inquisitor to keep himself and Cunégonde from being burned at the stake. He figures that he's already killed one person, so another dead body won't make much of a difference. He feels no guilt about these murders thanks to his belief that everything happens for the best.

The end of the chapter illustrates the disgust Voltaire feels about the religious intolerance pervading Europe in the 18th century. Both of Candide's victims have identities tied directly to their religion: the Grand Inquisitor is Christian, and Don Issacar is Jewish. Their burials show their respective values in Western European society. The Grand Inquisitor is given a proper burial in a beautiful church, while Don Issacar is literally thrown into the trash.

Questions for Chapter 9

View all
Through close reading of chapter 9 and 13 of The Catcher in the Rye write an essay in which you show how Salinger uses narrative point of view, imagery, and motif of phoniness to explore the way in wh
Through close reading of Chapter 9 and 3 of the Catcher in the rye, write an essay in which you show how Salinger uses narrative point of view, imagery and the motif of phoniness to explore the way In
Review Chapter 9 in A Christian Philosophical Journey carefully as you work on Worldview Question #5 below. Use this chapter to help you with your answers (and any further synthesis). Read Worldview Q
Cite This Study Guide

information icon Have study documents to share about Candide? Upload them to earn free Course Hero access!