Dialogues of Plato | Study Guide


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Check out this Infographic to learn more about Plato's Dialogues of Plato. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

Dialogues of Platoby the Numbers Years Athenian men served in the army—from age 18 to 60 42 Species of hemlock that exist, all poisonous 4 Jurors at Socrates’s trial 501 Year Plato put forth the myth of Atlantis in his writing c. 360 BCE Socrates, Apology he unexamined life is not for man worth living. Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Plato’s Ethics by Terence Irwin, Plato on Knowledge and Reality by Nicholas White, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. Born to an aristocratic family, Plato was expected to enter politics, but after the death of his mentor Socrates, he chose philosophy instead. Plato founded a school for philosophy, the Academy, which operated for almost 1,000 years, producing such influential philosophers as Aristotle. PlatoC. 428–347 BCE Author Stingray Stands for Meno’s perception of Socrates as someone who paralyzes others with his questions Rooster Sacrifice to Asclepius Suggests that Socrates sees death as a cure for life Gadfly Represents Socrates’s perception of himself as one who stings people out of complacency Symbols Key Figures Socrates Athenian philosopher; sentenced to die Meno Young mercenary general Euthyphro Pompous theologian Meletus Lead accuser of Socrates Crito Tries to help Socrates escape Phaedo Witness of Socrates’s death Gorgias Elderly Sophist teacher TEACHES FRIENDS DEBATES DEBATES DEBATES Examining Life & Living Well What is piety? What is virtue? Is it ever moral to disobey the law? These questions are central to Plato’s Meno, Gorgias, Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo. In these dialogues, Socrates pursues truth by questioning his students’ assumptions and thereby encouraging them to come to their own conclusions—known as the Socratic method. MAIN IDEAS Nature of Knowledge For Socrates, virtue is connected with knowledge, which is the result of rational study and questioning. Metaphysical Forms Plato theorized two realms of reality: the realm of forms, which is sensed through the intellect, and the visible realm. Socratic Method Socrates taught his students through questioning their arguments. Ancient Greek Original Language c. 399-360 BCE Years Written Plato Author Dialogues of Plato Nonfiction Philosophy

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