Robert D. Putnam
Robert D. Putnam is an international policy expert and author of 15 books and numerous articles discussing political science. In 2018 Putnam retired from active teaching at Harvard University where he held the title of Malkin Research Professor of Public Policy. His research interests focus primarily on the concepts of "social capital" and civic engagement, and his central contention is that the decline of civic engagement in America ushered in a growing distrust of democratic institutions.
President Jimmy Carter was one of the leading negotiators at the Bonn summit conference of 1978. During his years as President, the United States and other nations faced an oil crisis caused by increasing demand for imported oil and rising prices. At the Bonn summit, Carter negotiated a deal that led to the decontrol of domestic oil prices by 1980.
Chancellor Helmut Schmidt was one of the leading negotiators at the Bonn summit conference of 1978. Schmidt was a social democrat and a popular European leader. He criticized America's overconsumption of oil and negligence in attending to the falling value of the U.S. dollar. As part of the comprehensive package deal negotiated at Bonn, Schmidt agreed to a stimulus of one percent of its GNP.
Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda was one of the leading negotiators at the Bonn summit conference of 1978. During his tenure as Prime Minister, Japan was fighting high unemployment and bankruptcy rates. In the deal he negotiated in Bonn, Fukuda promised to aim for a growth rate of seven percent and to increase imports, while reducing the total number of goods Japan exported.