Literature Study GuidesDiscourse On Metaphysics

Discourse on Metaphysics | Study Guide

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

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Course Hero. "Discourse on Metaphysics Study Guide." Course Hero. 20 Dec. 2019. Web. 3 Dec. 2020. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Discourse-on-Metaphysics/>.

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Course Hero. (2019, December 20). Discourse on Metaphysics Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved December 3, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Discourse-on-Metaphysics/

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Course Hero. "Discourse on Metaphysics Study Guide." December 20, 2019. Accessed December 3, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Discourse-on-Metaphysics/.

Footnote

Course Hero, "Discourse on Metaphysics Study Guide," December 20, 2019, accessed December 3, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Discourse-on-Metaphysics/.

Overview

Author

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Year Written

1686

Type

Nonfiction

Genre

Argument, Philosophy, Religion

At a Glance

Discourse on Metaphysics is the first key text that conveys Leibniz's general philosophy. The New System of Nature (1695) and the Monadology (1714) can be viewed as later developments of the original philosophy set out in Discourse on Metaphysics. As Leibniz is a central figure in Western philosophy, understanding this work is an important and necessary step in understanding philosophy itself.

The fundamental philosophical issues Leibniz seeks to resolve are ongoing issues in the fields of philosophy, theology, logic, and physics. These issues include the nature of "substance" (that which fundamentally underlies all of existence); the possibility of free will (conscious choice) in a fateful universe with its laws of nature; the relation between mind and matter; the sentience of all beings including plants; the possibility and nature of an afterlife; the problem of evil in relation to an all-good and all-powerful God; and how to justify fundamental logical principles.

About the Title

The term discourse means "discussion." The prefix meta- means "beyond." Metaphysics refers to the philosophic study of realities "beyond the physical," such as the natures of being and knowledge in relation to the universe. The metaphysical issues discussed in the text include logical principles, the nature of existence, consciousness, divinity, space, and time.

Summary

This study guide for Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's Discourse on Metaphysics offers summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs.

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