Literature Study GuidesDon QuixotePart 2 Chapters 33 35 Summary

Don Quixote | Study Guide

Miguel de Cervantes

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Don Quixote | Part 2, Chapters 33–35 | Summary

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Summary

Part 2, Chapter 33

The Duchess asks Sancho Panza to tell her how he was able to trick Don Quixote into believing that he had met with Dulcinea del Toboso in Part 1 of the book. Sancho Panza explains how he pretended a peasant girl was an enchanted Dulcinea. The Duchess says she has it on good authority that the peasant girl actually was Dulcinea, which makes Sancho Panza reconsider what happened in Montesinos's Cave. After Sancho Panza retires to take his nap, the Duke and Duchess plan a joke to play on Don Quixote.

Part 2, Chapter 34

The Duke and Duchess take Don Quixote and Sancho Panza hunting for wild boars. Sancho Panza is frightened by a charging boar, deserts his donkey, and ends up tangled in a tree. The peaceful twilight is interrupted by the sounds of a war party—trumpets, drums, and marching feet. A herald announces himself as the Devil and says Montesinos wants to tell Don Quixote how to free Dulcinea from her enchantment. Carts draped in black drive by, carrying men who say they are from famous chivalric tales. Sancho Panza cowers at the Duchess's feet in fear.

Part 2, Chapter 35

Another chariot carries Merlin and Dulcinea. Merlin recites a poem that says Dulcinea will be returned to her former image only if Sancho Panza lashes himself 3,300 times with a whip. He refuses, pointing out that it's not a good idea to insult and threaten the person doing you a favor, both of which Don Quixote and the woman posing as Dulcinea have done. Sancho Panza finally relents after Merlin tells him that he will find it useful "quite as much for your soul as for your body." The hunting party returns home, and the Duke and Duchess are pleased with the progression of their plan.

Analysis

Chapters 33–35 of Part 2 give a lot of insight into Sancho Panza's personality. He is loyal to a fault, staying with his crazy master for much longer than necessary just because they're from the same town and they're friends. Though he fancies himself capable of governing an entire island, deep down he knows that he, like his beloved donkey, is a humble servant who isn't likely to change his station in life. Like the Duchess says, he's "very innocent," willing to trust anyone who tells a good story (whether it makes sense or not).

Sancho Panza's innocence and Don Quixote's insanity make them both very easy to trick. They are nothing more than playthings for the Duke and Duchess, who are greatly amused by the country bumpkins who have found their way to the castle. As they are already familiar with master and squire from reading Part 1 of their adventures, they do not feel the initial pity or wonder afflicting most of the pair's new acquaintances. They get straight down to the business of arranging entertainment for themselves. Their good deed of taking in the two wandering men is motivated by selfishness, not kindness, a character trait Cervantes assigns to all nobles.

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