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Course Hero. "Emma Study Guide." July 28, 2016. Accessed April 27, 2017.


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This study guide and infographic for Jane Austen's Emma offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents, Q&A pairs, and flashcards created by students and educators.


Book Basics

Author: Jane Austen

Year Published: 1815

Type: Novel

Genre: Adventure, Romance

Perspective and Narrator:

Emma has a third-person omniscient narrator.

The use of third-person omniscient narration gives the narrator access to both current activities and back stories of all the characters. However, when it comes to thoughts, feelings, and judgments, the narrator stays mostly in the mind of the main character, Emma.

In Emma, Austen uses free indirect discourse, a narrative technique in which the narrator moves in and out of one or more character's consciousness. Thus, the narrative voice sometimes mimics the speech of characters. Austen is considered the first English novelist to make use of this style of narrative.


Emma is told primarily in the past tense. Some flashbacks provide information about previous events.

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