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Course Hero, "Endgame Study Guide," June 29, 2017, accessed September 21, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Endgame/.

Endgame | Characters

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Character Description
Hamm Hamm is a blind, wheelchair-bound tyrant. His name suggests the word hammer. The Latin word hamus means "a hook or spite," that is, a kind of nail. So Hamm is both the hammer and the nail. His name is also a pun on "ham." Along with "clove" (Clov), a spice that is often paired with ham, his name adds to the sometimes comic feel of the play. Read More
Clov Clov, who cannot sit down, was raised by Hamm and is now his servant. His name suggests the French word for nail, clou. It underscores his relationship to Hamm ("hammer"), as does his name—a pun on "clove," a spice associated with ham. Read More
Nagg Nagg, Hamm's father, has no legs and is kept in a trash bin. His name suggests the German word for nail, Nagel, and like Clov's name suggests his relationship to Hamm ("hammer").
Nell Nell, Hamm's mother, is also legless and rests in a trash bin next to Nagg. Her name is a homophone for the word knell, as in death knell, a bell that tolls to signal someone's death.
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