Fourteen Points | Study Guide

Woodrow Wilson

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Course Hero. "Fourteen Points Study Guide." October 16, 2018. Accessed July 6, 2022.


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Woodrow Wilson

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At a Glance

  • President Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924) wrote the Fourteen Points as a plan for international peace after World War I. The speech was the only statement of war aims or goals made by any country during the conflict.
  • Wilson emphasizes international cooperation and open diplomacy as paths to peace. He advocates for small nations to be freed from large empires and make their own rules—a process called self-determination.
  • Wilson's ideas helped shape the peace process and rebuilding of the world. Not all his points were popular, especially his requests for fair treatment of Germany. In the United States, the Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles, which included the formation of a League of Nations.
  • Still, Wilson's idea of an international diplomatic association led to the League of Nations and ultimately, after World War II, to the United Nations.
  • Today the speech stands as an example of foreign policy led by ideals and morals rather than by the desire for political gain.


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