Course Hero. "Gilead Study Guide." Course Hero. 13 Feb. 2018. Web. 11 Dec. 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Gilead/>.
Course Hero. (2018, February 13). Gilead Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved December 11, 2018, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Gilead/
(Course Hero, 2018)
Course Hero. "Gilead Study Guide." February 13, 2018. Accessed December 11, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Gilead/.
Course Hero, "Gilead Study Guide," February 13, 2018, accessed December 11, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Gilead/.
When John makes this statement in Section 1, he is rather smug about the fact that as a minister, he has chosen a way to "live a good life." The word choice here belies that he also believes there are ways to live a bad life. His emotional arc in the novel is to understand it is not he who is the judge of a good or bad life but God.
I'm grateful for all those dark years ... a long, bitter prayer that was answered finally.
Here John expresses how he sees God at work in his life, even in the dark times. He knows God had a reason for allowing him to go through his long period of grief and loneliness, and it was to show him the meaning of unconditional love.
I don't know what to say except that the worst misfortune isn't only misfortune.
John acknowledges that he was bereft after the death of Louisa and their daughter, but he also understands that this misfortune is what allowed his present happiness. He would not have Lila and his son if it were not for the loss of Louisa and his daughter.
The visionary aspect of any particular day comes to you in the memory of it.
John states it is impossible to know what any moment in your life means until you reflect on it later. God's purpose is usually not clear in moment while one is living it, and the impact of a moment reveals itself when one is ready to process it.
I can't believe we ... forget our sorrows altogether. That would mean forgetting ... we had lived.
Here John talks about the idea that one forgets all their sorrows once they are in heaven. John cannot believe this idea, because sorrows are instructive in human lives and are a large part of what makes up life.
The human soul, [is] the singular light within the great general light of existence.
John believes in the eternal nature of the human soul, and he says it is like "light within light." It is this incandescence within people that will live on even after they die.
This is Lila's argument against the doctrine of predestination. Predestination assumes that some people are born evil to live out evil lives and live eternally separate from God. To Lila, this runs counter to the doctrine of salvation.
Here, Jack is asking John for forgiveness, even though he realizes John's forgiveness is but a tiny fraction of the forgiveness he needs for his past deeds, including the abandonment of his child.
Proofs ... are never sufficient ... because they claim for God a place within our conceptual grasp.
This is John making his case for his spirituality. Because humans cannot fathom the divine ways of God, no proof that a human could come up with could come close to proving or disproving God. God is outside the conceptual grasp of humans.
This statement is the basis for understanding John's emotional arc in the novel. In his dealings with Jack, he has judged the manner of his existence when it is not his place to judge. The only prerequisite for qualifying for God's love and forgiveness is that one exists. If John wants to be holy, and he does, he needs to let go of his human judgment and treat others, including Jack, with the unconditional love and grace of God.
Here John is talking about his father and Grandfather Ames. On the surface, this is a fine example of John's sense of humor, but it also speaks to the idea of understanding on a basic level that the mere fact of existence is a miracle of God and to be cherished. These two men of God could appreciate each other's existence, even if they could not agree on much else.
John states hell is not fire; hell is being cut off from God. So if one wants to imagine what hell is like, one simply has to look for their most uncharitable thoughts, the places in one's self that are farthest from God's ideal. For John, his deeply held resentment of Jack is certainly what keeps him furthest from God.
Love is ... like grace—the worthiness of its object is never really what matters.
John realizes that unconditional love does not take actions, good or bad, into account, but only the fact that the object of its love exists. Existence is enough reason to forgive, and enough reason to love.
This is a breakthrough moment for John because he realizes he has resented his father for favoring Edward (his father's "prodigal son") over himself, the dutiful son who stayed and took over his father's pulpit. This resentment was part of the reason he could not forgive Jack, because of Jack's prodigal nature and Boughton's seemingly unfair adoration of him despite it. John realizes that unconditional love does not take actions, good or bad, into account, but only the fact that the object of its love exists.
There are a thousand reasons to live this life, every one of them sufficient.
This statement circles back to John's statement in Section 1 that "there are many ways to live a good life." It illustrates how much John has grown emotionally and in his faith through the course of the novel because he realizes the essential thing is that one lives, not the way one lives. This distinction is important because it takes his human view of the judgment of others and allows for the fact that humans cannot fathom God's true purpose for his creation. It is not John's place to judge Jack, or his father, or anyone. He can only find his own meaning in life and encourage his son to do the same.