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Course Hero. "Grendel Study Guide." December 2, 2016. Accessed June 29, 2017.


Course Hero, "Grendel Study Guide," December 2, 2016, accessed June 29, 2017,


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Author: John Gardner

Year Published: 1971

Type: Novel

Genre: Fantasy

Perspective and Narrator:

Grendel is narrated in the first person by the monster Grendel, who has an uncanny ability to move beyond his own consciousness to provide insight into other characters.


Much of Grendel is written in the present tense, but multiple flashback sequences are written in the past tense.

About the Title:

Grendel takes its name from the book's protagonist and narrator, a monstrous creature who wreaks havoc in medieval Denmark and who originates in the English epic poem Beowulf.


This study guide and infographic for John Gardner's Grendel offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents, Q&A pairs, and flashcards created by students and educators.


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