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Grendel | Study Guide

John Gardner

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Check out this Infographic to learn more about John Gardner's Grendel. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

grendel-john-gardnerSources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy,Matt Wagner Comics, Pennsylvania Center for the Book, Philosophy Now,The Twelve Chapters of Grendel” by Craig J. Stromme, UnderstandingJohn Gardner by John Michael Howell, University of RochesterRiver Campus Libraries, The Washington PostCopyright © 2016 Course Hero, Inc.Grendel, Chapter 6was Grendel, Ruiner of Meadhalls, Wrecker of Kings! But also, as never before, I was alone.Grendel reimagines the terrible monster from the Old English Beowulf epic as a thinking and feeling being struggling to understand his place in the world. How is he defined by being a monster? What is the nature of the world? After encountering many possible answers, Grendel comes full circle when he encounters Beowulf.What Does ItMean to Be aMonster?IsolationGrendel is a monster alone—separated from humans, animals, and even his mother. Monsters& HumansThe monster isn’t alwaysmonstrous; the humans are not always humane. Fate vs.Free WillGrendels end isnever in doubt; it isunclear whether hehas any control. THEMESMain CharactersDragonTeaches Grendel;greedy and coldWealtheowQueen; bringsbalance to Danes GrendelMonster searchingfor meaning ShaperSinger of storiesthat define Danes UnferthFrustrated herowhom Grendellets live MotifsMachineryGrendel often comparesmindless behavior to themechanics of a machine. ZodiacEach chapter connects toone of the signs of the zodiac,another yearly cycle.Grendels MotherMonster withoutthe power of speech HrothgarKing of the Danes;Grendels adversary HrothulfHrothgars nephew;wants to rule SeasonsThe cycle of the yearechoes Grendels journeythrough the novel.Grendel was the first in a string of critical and commercial successes for American writer Gardner, including The Sunlight Dialogues and award-winning October Light. He was also a scholar of Old and Middle English who had a reputation for holding controversial views and for introducing the young to complicated literature.JOHN GARDNER1933–82AuthorGrendelby the NumbersChapters in the novel,each corresponding to a sign of the zodiacYear the animated film adaptation Grendel Grendel Grendel was releasedYear Gardner left teachingto focus on writingYear Grendel got his own comic book series 12198119731983John Gardner1971EnglishNovel AuthorYear PublishedOriginal LanguageFantasyGrendel

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