Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals | Study Guide

Immanuel Kant

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Immanuel Kant, Section 3 ct only according to that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it become a universal law. Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, The Guardian, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. Human Dignity People must not merely use each other as means to their own ends. Universalizability An action is unethical if you wouldn’t want all people to take it. Good Will The consequences are irrelevant to the goodnessof the will. Key Terms Time Kant got up nearly every morning for most of his life 5 a.m. Miles Kant traveled outside his hometown of Königsberg, Prussia, during the course of his life <40 1794 Year the King of Prussiaordered Kant not to writeabout religion—an order Kantdefied after the king’s death Year Kant’s work The Critique of Pure Reason was added to the Catholic Church’s list of forbidden books 1827 Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Moralsby the Numbers A giant of Western philosophy, Kant profoundly influenced the trajectory in virtually all areas of philosophy—metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics. After toiling away as a lecturer at the University of Königsberg, Kant finally published his masterwork, The Critique of Pure Reason. IMMANUEL KANT1724–1804 Author To be truly moral, people must make moral decisions using their own reason. Heteronomy vs. Autonomy An act isn’t truly ethical if it’s done with ulterior motives in mind. Hypothetical vs. Categorical Imperatives Much of the time, what we want to do isn’t what we ought to do. Inclination vs.Duty Kant analyzes our idea of duty to reveal a fundamental moral principle:the categorical imperative. According to this principle, judging youractions means asking yourself two questions: Would you want everyoneto act as you did? Did you do the right thing simply to do good? Do Your Duty MAIN IDEAS German Original Language 1785 Year Published Immanuel Kant Author Groundwork of theMetaphysics of Morals Philosophy Nonfiction

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