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Course Hero. "Hard Times Study Guide." May 4, 2017. Accessed June 28, 2017.


Course Hero, "Hard Times Study Guide," May 4, 2017, accessed June 28, 2017,


Hard Times infographic thumbnail

Author: Charles Dickens

Year Published: 1854

Type: Novel

Genre: Drama, Satire

Perspective and Narrator:

Hard Times is told in the third person by an omniscient narrator who occasionally inserts a comment, sarcastic remark, or opinion on the characters or the action, giving readers a sense of the narrator's familiarity with the characters and events. This narrative point of view also contrasts with the characters who, for the most part, are detached from their feelings, thoughts, and emotions and unable to communicate effectively.


Hard Times is written in the past tense.

About the Title:

The title Hard Times or the full title Hard Times for These Times refers to the difficulties of life caused by industrialization in England in the 19th century and by the constraints of rigid, fact-based education that arose along with it in the attempt to increase profits and control life and thought.


This study guide and infographic for Charles Dickens' Hard Times offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents, Q&A pairs, and flashcards created by students and educators.

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