Nathaniel Hawthorne was a nineteenth-century writer. He was born in Massachusetts on July 4, 1804, and died in New Hampshire on May 19, 1864. His book Mosses from an Old Manse is the subject of Melville's essay and reveals some of his traits as an author such as depth and darkness that not all readers understand. Other notable works include The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851).
William Shakespeare was a poet and playwright. He was born in April of 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom, where he lived until his death on April 23, 1616. He is widely regarded as one of the best writers in history, and his plays are still studied and performed regularly. His plays included both comedies and tragedies and sometimes drew from history. Examples of his work include Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, and Richard III.
Herman Melville was an American writer. He was born in New York City on August 1, 1819, and died there on September 28, 1891. He spent some time traveling the world as a sailor which inspired his novels about the sea. His most well-known book is Moby Dick (1851).