Course Hero Logo

Howards End | Study Guide

E. M. Forster

Get the eBook on Amazon to study offline.

Buy on Amazon Study Guide
Cite This Study Guide

How to Cite This Study Guide

quotation mark graphic


Course Hero. "Howards End Study Guide." Course Hero. 20 Sep. 2017. Web. 9 June 2023. <>.

In text

(Course Hero)



Course Hero. (2017, September 20). Howards End Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved June 9, 2023, from

In text

(Course Hero, 2017)



Course Hero. "Howards End Study Guide." September 20, 2017. Accessed June 9, 2023.


Course Hero, "Howards End Study Guide," September 20, 2017, accessed June 9, 2023,

Howards End | Plot Summary

See Plot Diagram


Helen Schlegel writes a letter to her sister Margaret describing Howards End, a charming country house in Hilton, outside of London. It is the family home of the Wilcox family, a couple the Schlegel sisters met while traveling in Germany. Margaret has stayed at home in London with their sickly younger brother Tibby whose hay fever, which also afflicts some of the Wilcoxes, prevents them from joining Helen. Helen is enchanted with the place and the family. Paul, the Wilcox's second son, arrives. He and Helen form an attraction. The two share a kiss under the wych-elm one night. Helen writes Margaret declaring that she has fallen in love with Paul. Margaret is surprised, but their aunt, Mrs. Munt, is alarmed by the sudden development. As Margaret is stuck in London with Tibby, it is agreed that Mrs. Munt will go to Howards End to speak to Helen, although her real motive is to put a stop to the engagement. Margaret warns her aunt to speak only to Helen. Mrs. Munt takes a train, but before she arrives, Margaret receives a telegram from Helen saying it is all over between her and Paul.

Unfortunately, it is too late to tell Mrs. Munt, who ends up running into Charles at the station. He offers to drive her to Howards End. In the car, thinking that he is Paul, she brings up the engagement. Charles responds angrily, claiming Paul is in no position to marry anyone, and Mrs. Munt is offended. Helen meets her aunt and tells her that the relationship with Paul is over, and begging her not to tell anyone. Mrs. Munt cries, and Charles shouts for Paul. Mrs. Wilcox calms the situation, and it seems that she knew what was going on all along, although no one mentioned it to her.

Back at the Schlegel home, Wickham Place in London, the Schlegels attend a concert at which Margaret makes the acquaintance of Leonard Bast. Helen leaves early, overcome with emotion at a Beethoven symphony, and takes Mr. Bast's umbrella by accident. Margaret perceives that Mr. Bast suspects them of stealing the umbrella, and although she is affronted, she gives him her own card with her address so he can collect the umbrella. After the performance he walks with her to Wickham Place, but feels nervous and refuses to come in for tea.

When the Wilcox family move into the apartment across the street from Wickham Place, Mrs. Munt worries, but Helen denies that she is tempted in the least by Paul. She travels abroad with her cousin, Frieda. Mrs. Wilcox visits Wickham Place, but Margaret writes her to say she thinks it best if they don't see each other. Mrs. Wilcox is offended. She had simply called to say that Paul has moved to Africa. Margaret realizes that she has made a mistake and apologizes in person. The two women become friends. Mrs. Wilcox invites Margaret to help her with her Christmas shopping. On the trip she learns that the Schlegels' lease on Wickham Place will end in a couple of years. The thought of their leaving their home upsets Mrs. Wilcox, who invites Margaret to visit her beloved country home, Howards End. Margaret asks if she could do it another time, offending Mrs. Wilcox, for whom the home is a sacred space.

Shortly before Christmas Mrs. Wilcox grows very sick, and she writes a note to her husband that she wishes to leave the place to Margaret. Mrs. Wilcox dies. Mr. Wilcox receives the note. In consultation with his children, they decide to burn the note, questioning the mental fitness of Mrs. Wilcox when she wrote it. The children suspect Margaret of influencing their mother when she was weak in order to take the house from them.

Two years later, Jacky Bast, Leonard's wife, a former prostitute who pressured him into marrying her, shows up at Wickham Place. She has found the card Margaret gave Mr. Bast years ago, and as he didn't come home one night, she suspects he may be there. The next day he comes by to explain. He says his wife was alarmed because he stayed out all night, walking in the great outdoors. He was inspired by a number of books romanticizing adventures in nature. The sisters are taken with his description of the experience, as well as by the sentiment that motivated him. Mr. Bast, a clerk for an insurance company, is keenly aware that the Schlegel's independent wealth and cultural knowledge puts them in a higher social class. He aspires to improve himself through reading and listening to music. During the visit, he alternates between feeling awkward about their class differences and thrilled by the opportunity to discuss books and ideas with them.

Later that night, at a ladies discussion group on the social obligations of the rich to the poor, they use Mr. Bast as an example of the poor who deserve to be helped. After the meeting they happen upon Mr. Wilcox. When they share Mr. Bast's story, Mr. Wilcox asks about his employment. Mr. Bast is a clerk at an insurance company. According to Mr. Wilcox Mr. Bast's company will soon go out of business. The Wilcox sisters decide to warn Mr. Bast, and he takes their advice, eventually securing another job at a bank, although it pays less.

With their lease running out, Margaret is trying to find a new place, but she agrees to meet Evie and her fiancé, Mr. Cahill, for tea. It turns out to have been orchestrated by Mr. Wilcox who appears and sits next to Margaret. It occurs to Margaret that he may be courting her. At the end of the summer, the Schlegels take their annual trip to Swanage to visit their aunt, Mrs. Munt. After they arrive, Margaret receives a telegram from Mr. Wilcox offering his Dulcie street home for rent if she will come and see it immediately. As he shows her around the house, he proposes to her. She later accepts much to the resentment of the Wilcox children and to Helen's disappointment. It comes out that Mr. Wilcox no longer thinks Mr. Bast's old company is so bad after all, and the Schlegel sisters are upset that they led Mr. Bast to take a lower paying job for no reason.

That August, family and friends travel to the Wilcox's country home Oniton, a large country estate, for Evie's wedding. On the way there, the car carrying the ladies runs over an animal. The ladies are herded into another car before they realize what has happened. When Margaret hears a girl scream, she demands that Charles turn the car around. He ignores her repeated commands, and she leaps from the car, injuring her hand. She later apologizes, making it seem as if she is embarrassed by her impulsive action, although she has no regrets about it. She is learning how to manipulate men for her own purposes. After the wedding, she and Mr. Wilcox see a few new people arrive. It is Helen and the Basts. She claims to have found the Basts evicted and starving after Mr. Bast lost his job. Helen wants Mr. Wilcox held responsible for this course of events. Margaret says she will handle things with Mr. Wilcox and urges Helen to find rooms for them at the nearby hotel. When Mr. Wilcox approaches the house, Jacky recognizes him. It becomes apparent that she once had an affair with Mr. Wilcox, who reacts in anger. Margaret, although shocked, decides to forgive Mr. Wilcox.

At the hotel, Helen learns more about the Basts, including Mr. Wilcox's past with Jacky. She is overcome with compassion for Mr. Bast, and the two have sex. In the morning, Helen leaves. She visits Tibby at Oxford, where he is a student, telling him about the problem with the Basts. She tells him to send half of her money to Mr. Bast, and that she is about to go abroad. Mr. Bast refuses the money, and when Tibby goes to the Bast's address, he finds they were evicted and have disappeared. In September, Wickham Place is demolished, and the Schlegels accept Mr. Wilcox's offer to store their things at Howards End.

Helen stays away for eight months and sends little information in her letters to Margaret. Margaret and Mr. Wilcox marry in a small ceremony. Margaret and Tibby become concerned about Helen the longer she stays away, especially when she avoids visiting, even when it is feared Mrs. Munt is dying. Helen sends word that she is in London, asking where the family's things are stored as she would like to get a few books. Now scared that Helen might be insane, Tibby and Margaret ask Mr. Wilcox for advice. He makes a plan to trap Helen at Howards End with a doctor in tow, against her will if needed.

Margaret changes her mind about the plan when she sees how Mr. Wilcox disregards her about the situation. He tries to leave her behind and confront Helen without her, but she manages to jump in his car just as he is leaving for Howards End. She rushes to the porch of the house ahead of Mr. Wilcox and the doctor and discovers the reason for Helen's secrecy and absence. Helen is pregnant. Margaret pushes her inside the house and tells the men to leave, which they do, although it angers Mr. Wilcox. Helen wants to stay the night at Howards End before leaving for Germany permanently the next day. Margaret knows the plan will displease her husband and his children, but she asks Mr. Wilcox anyway. He denies her request, refusing to see any connection between his past with Jacky and Helen's condition. Margaret condemns him for his hypocrisy and lack of empathy. The two sisters spend a peaceful night at Howards End.

In the meantime, Charles has been busy trying to figure out who must be held accountable for fathering Helen's child. He learns the truth from Tibby, who inadvertently reveals Mr. Bast's name by recalling the friends Helen was with at Evie's wedding. Charles heads to Howards End first thing in the morning. In the days previously, Mr. Bast, wracked with guilt at his indiscretion with Helen, had been trying to find Margaret in order to confess about sleeping with Helen. He eventually shows up at Howards End the morning after the sisters have slept in the home. He calls out to Margaret. Charles picks up a sword and hits Mr. Bast across the shoulders with the flat end of it. The blow causes Mr. Bast to have a heart attack and die.

Margaret tells Mr. Wilcox she is leaving him and will go with Helen to Germany. Mr. Wilcox tells Margaret that Charles will be charged with manslaughter. When Charles is convicted and sentenced to three years in prison, Mr. Wilcox's spirit is broken. He asks Margaret to care for him. Fourteen months pass, and Margaret lives at Howards End with Helen, Helen's son, and Mr. Wilcox. Mr. Wilcox tells his children that he is leaving the house to Margaret and, after she dies, to her nephew. Margaret learns of Mrs. Wilcox's bequest, and she is touched. An abundant hay harvest comes in.

Howards End Plot Diagram

123456789101112131415ClimaxResolutionIntroductionRising ActionFalling Action


1 Helen kisses Paul, but the two break up soon after.

Rising Action

2 Margaret and Helen meet Mr. Bast at a concert.

3 Mrs. Wilcox bequeaths Howards End to Margaret and dies.

4 Mr. Bast leaves his job on Mr. Wilcox's advice.

5 Margaret marries Mr. Wilcox.

6 Mr. Bast loses his second job, and the Basts are evicted.

7 Margaret learns of Mr. Wilcox's affair with Jacky.

8 Helen and Mr. Bast sleep together.

9 Helen goes to Germany.

10 Helen returns pregnant; the sisters stay at Howards End.


11 Mr. Bast dies of a heart attack when Charles hits him.

Falling Action

12 Charles tells his father and the police what happened.

13 Charles is sentenced to three years for manslaughter.

14 Mr. Wilcox rejoins his wife at Howards End.


15 Mr. Wilcox leaves Howards End to Margaret and her nephew.

Cite This Study Guide

information icon Have study documents to share about Howards End? Upload them to earn free Course Hero access!