Course Hero. "Joe Turner's Come and Gone Study Guide." Course Hero. 24 June 2019. Web. 6 July 2020. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Joe-Turners-Come-and-Gone/>.
Course Hero. (2019, June 24). Joe Turner's Come and Gone Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved July 6, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Joe-Turners-Come-and-Gone/
(Course Hero, 2019)
Course Hero. "Joe Turner's Come and Gone Study Guide." June 24, 2019. Accessed July 6, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Joe-Turners-Come-and-Gone/.
Course Hero, "Joe Turner's Come and Gone Study Guide," June 24, 2019, accessed July 6, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Joe-Turners-Come-and-Gone/.
Joe Turner's Come and Gone refers to Joe Turner, also known as Joseph Turney (1815–1912), the brother of the governor of Tennessee Peter Turney (1827–1903). Turney would round up black men convicted on flimsy charges and force them to work on chain gangs (groups of convicts chained together while working outside a prison). Whenever the African American community heard that one of their men had gone missing, they would pass on the news by saying, "They tell me Joe Turner's come and gone." In the play, the central character, Herald Loomis, is taken by Turner and forced to work for seven years.
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