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Course Hero. "Journey to the West (Monkey: Folk Novel of China) Study Guide." April 10, 2020. Accessed April 10, 2021. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Journey-to-the-West-Monkey-Folk-Novel-of-China/.
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Wu Ch'êng-ên, Arthur Waley
Allegory, Mythology, Religion
Monkey is told from the perspective of an omniscient third-person narrator. In the tradition of oral folktales, the narrator is aware of the presence of readers and addresses them directly as if telling the story to an audience.
Monkey: Folk Novel of China is narrated in the past tense.
Monkey (1942) is the first major English translation of Hsi-yu chi (Xiyouji), or The Journey to the West, by Chinese author Wu Ch'êng-ên (c. 1500–82). Its main character is an immortal stone primate known simply as Monkey. This title distinguishes British translator Arthur Waley's (1889–1966) abridged, 30-chapter version of Hsi-yu chi from Chinese American Anthony C. Yu's (1938–2015) later translation published in 1983, which encompasses all 100-plus chapters of Wu's original work.
This study guide for Wu Ch'êng-ên, Arthur Waley's Journey to the West (Monkey: Folk Novel of China) offers summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs.