Course Hero. "Leaves of Grass Study Guide." Course Hero. 7 Dec. 2017. Web. 20 July 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Leaves-of-Grass/>.
Course Hero. (2017, December 7). Leaves of Grass Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved July 20, 2018, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Leaves-of-Grass/
(Course Hero, 2017)
Course Hero. "Leaves of Grass Study Guide." December 7, 2017. Accessed July 20, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Leaves-of-Grass/.
Course Hero, "Leaves of Grass Study Guide," December 7, 2017, accessed July 20, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Leaves-of-Grass/.
Whitman as speaker watches as a spider builds a web, creating "filament, filament, filament, out of itself." He compares the way this spider ceaselessly works to the way his soul continues to "fling" its "gossamer thread" into the "measureless oceans of space" and hopes to "catch somewhere."
Whitman personifies the spider of this poem by giving it human motives, that of exploration rather than instinct. This personification in the first stanza sets the stage for the reader to see that the spider and the web-building are symbols for the soul and its striving, which he explicitly reveals in the second stanza.
The comparison also reveals that the human soul is much more complex than simple web-building. While the promontory may seem "vacant vast" to the spider, it has definite boundaries and shape, whereas the universe is endless. Whitman's speaker states that the soul is "detached, in measureless oceans of space," but he nevertheless seeks to form a "bridge" and a "ductile anchor." This apparent paradox leaves room for the reader to question if the soul can actually perform such a task.
This compact poem contains none of Whitman's famous cataloging, but he does use repetition, one of his favorite devices. He repeats "filament" three times in a row, a skillful and musical way to illustrate the mechanical work of the spider. In contrast, the efforts of the soul are anything but mechanical—they are "musing, venturing, throwing, seeking"—words that connote a much more active and varied journey.