Literature Study GuidesLemon V Kurtzman

Lemon v. Kurtzman | Study Guide

United States Supreme Court

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Course Hero. "Lemon v. Kurtzman Study Guide." Course Hero. 21 Dec. 2018. Web. 22 Jan. 2019. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Lemon-v-Kurtzman/>.

In text

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APA

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Course Hero. (2018, December 21). Lemon v. Kurtzman Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved January 22, 2019, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Lemon-v-Kurtzman/

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(Course Hero, 2018)

Chicago

Bibliography

Course Hero. "Lemon v. Kurtzman Study Guide." December 21, 2018. Accessed January 22, 2019. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Lemon-v-Kurtzman/.

Footnote

Course Hero, "Lemon v. Kurtzman Study Guide," December 21, 2018, accessed January 22, 2019, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Lemon-v-Kurtzman/.

Overview

Author

United States Supreme Court

Year Decided

1971

Type

Primary Source

Genre

U.S. Supreme Court Case

At a Glance

  • In the late 1960s, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island began controversial programs giving government aid to religious private schools. Taxpayers felt the programs violated the 1st Amendment's clauses separating church and state.
  • Cases from both states' laws made it to the Supreme Court, which combined the cases and struck down both in 1971.
  • The court determined both programs led to excessive government involvement or "entanglement" with religion. The court justices argued the 1st Amendment was designed to limit faith-based political conflict.
  • Though the justices disagreed on specific points of the case, they agreed that separation of church and state preserves both government neutrality and religious freedom.
  • Public response was largely supportive. The case established a concrete set of three criteria for deciding nuanced cases where government and religion collide.
  • The court still uses the criteria, called the "Lemon Test," in cases involving religion. The Lemon Test is the case's best-known legacy.

Summary

This study guide for United States Supreme Court's Lemon v. Kurtzman offers summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs.

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