Les Misérables | Study Guide

Victor Hugo

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Course Hero. "Les Misérables Study Guide." January 12, 2017. Accessed June 2, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Les-Misérables/.


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Victor Hugo

Year Published






Perspective and Narrator

Les Misérables uses a third-person, omniscient narrator. The narrator often refers to himself as the author and recounts true events from the author's life; in these passages, the author and narrator merge into one voice.


Les Misérables is written in the past tense. The action sometimes moves back and forth in time to accommodate the plot threads connected to multiple characters.

About the Title

Les Misérables is a French term, meaning "the wretched," "the miserable ones," "the dispossessed," or "the underclass"; in his sprawling work, Hugo sets out to call attention to the struggles of these members of society and to pay tribute to their resilience and dignity.


This study guide and infographic for Victor Hugo's Les Misérables offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs.

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