Letter from Birmingham Jail | Study Guide

Martin Luther King Jr.

Download a PDF to print or study offline.

Study Guide
Cite This Study Guide

How to Cite This Study Guide

quotation mark graphic


Course Hero. "Letter from Birmingham Jail Study Guide." Course Hero. 5 Oct. 2017. Web. 28 Oct. 2021. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Letter-from-Birmingham-Jail/>.

In text

(Course Hero)



Course Hero. (2017, October 5). Letter from Birmingham Jail Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved October 28, 2021, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Letter-from-Birmingham-Jail/

In text

(Course Hero, 2017)



Course Hero. "Letter from Birmingham Jail Study Guide." October 5, 2017. Accessed October 28, 2021. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Letter-from-Birmingham-Jail/.


Course Hero, "Letter from Birmingham Jail Study Guide," October 5, 2017, accessed October 28, 2021, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Letter-from-Birmingham-Jail/.

Letter from Birmingham Jail | Infographic

Share Embed
Click to copy code

Check out this Infographic to learn more about Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

letter-from-birmingham-jail-martin-luther-king-jr_v2Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.Charismatic minister; major leader of the civil rights movementFred ShuttlesworthMinister and civil rights leader; invited King to BirminghamAlabama ClergymenWhite Christian and Jewish leaders; criticized King in open letterEugene “Bull” ConnorNotoriously racist, cruel Birmingham Commissioner of Public SafetyKey FiguresWHITECOLOREDContextThe Segregated SouthPopulations could be legally divided by race, ethnicity, and country of origin. Racial segregation wasn't abolished in the United States until 1964.Protests & BoycottsKing became a leader of the movement against racial segregation in the mid-1950s and was invited to Birmingham, Alabama, in April 1963 to assist with a local protest.Dr. Kings 13th ArrestBirmingham law enforcement and officials try to stop the protests by arresting King, other civil rights leaders, and protesters for parading without a permit.A Manifesto for ChangeWhile in jail, King writes Letter from Birmingham Jail” in response to eight white clergymens open letter denouncing his involvement in the campaign and his methods of nonviolent protest.Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.reedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor.A third-generation Baptist minister, King became a leader of the civil rights movement during the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott. He argued that segregation violated the moral law of God and fought for its repeal through nonviolent protest. At 39, King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.1929–68AuthorSources: The Atlantic, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Library of Congress, The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education InstituteCopyright © 2017 Course Hero, Inc.Writing from his jail cell in April 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. responds eloquently to the eight white clergymen who denounced him and his method of nonviolent protest. His letters bold appeal to both reason and emotion rallies Kings supporters—and the nation—to campaign for equal opportunity and human dignity for all Americans.Open Letter to an IntolerantNationMAIN IDEASNature of SegregationSegregation is cruel to those who are subjected to it and immoral in the eyes of God.Failings of the White Moderate Whites who say they agree with desegregation but criticize activists’ methods stand in the way of social progress.The Time for Change Is NowFor the free, there is no convenient time to take a stand against injustice; for the oppressed, the time is now.Year the Supreme Court made the separate but equal” ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson, legalizing segregation 1896Year the Civil Rights Act authorized federal enforcement of desegregation 1964Days King spent in the Birmingham city jail 8People at the 1963 March on Washington rally where King gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech >200,000Letter from Birmingham Jailby the NumbersEnglishOriginal Language1963Year PublishedMartin Luther King Jr.AuthorLetter from Birmingham JailHistoryPrimary Source

Want to see more infographics? View All Infographics on Course Hero!

Cite This Study Guide

information icon Have study documents to share about Letter from Birmingham Jail? Upload them to earn free Course Hero access!