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Leviathan | Infographic

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Check out this Infographic to learn more about Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

Leviathanby the Numbers Year the English monarchy was restored after nearly 20 years of rule by Parliament 1660 Price of a first-edition copy of Leviathan in 2018 $17,500 Years Hobbes lived in France to escape the English Civil War 11 Hobbes’s age when he published a translation of Homer’s epic poem Odyssey 87 Considered the father of political science, Hobbes was an English scholar whose interest in science led him to develop theories of human nature. Loyal to the English monarchy, he fled to France as civil war began in England and wrote Leviathan in response to the strife. THOMAS HOBBES1588–1679 Author Sources: The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes by Jeffrey R. Collins, Biography.com, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Thomas Hobbes: Radical in the Service of Reaction by Arnold A. Rogow Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. Thomas Hobbes, Chapter 13 here there is no common power, there is no law; where no law, no injustice. Main Ideas War In a state of nature, men are constantly at war with each other. Civic vs. Ecclesiastical Authority The commonwealth should hold more power over the people than the Church. Peace In relinquishing some freedom through the creation of laws, man gains the security of a peaceful life. English Civil War Hobbes wrote in response to war between supporters of the Crown and those of Parliament after King Charles I dissolved Parliament. Philosophical Debate Rejecting the “loose thinking” of some philosophers, Hobbes embraced Euclid’s system of geometric proofs—in which answers are derived from a few simple truths—to argue his points. Impact on Political Theory Leviathan stimulated the thinking of the next generation of 18th-century Enlightenment philosophers who valued reason and individualism above tradition. Context Public Ministers As part of the judiciary, legislature, and treasury, public ministers form the various branches of the government and are accountable to the sovereign. Money Circulating throughout the commonwealth, money spurs the economy, promoting its growth and keeping it alive. Resources & Commodities Produced or obtained through trade, resources and commodities keep the commonwealth healthy and flourishing. The Sovereign The “head” of the entire commonwealth, the sovereign exists to serve and protect the interests of his subjects. Man, Fear & the Quest for Peace Hobbes’s Leviathan claims that if men were given total freedom they would be in a constant state of war, due to the natural competition between them. Because they also seek peace, they have given up some of their freedom to protect the interests of the group—a social contract. OVERVIEW French Original Language 1946 Years Published Jean-Paul Sartre Author English Original Language 1651 Year Published Thomas Hobbes Author Leviathan Philosophy Nonfiction

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