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Looking Backward | Study Guide

Edward Bellamy

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Dr. Leete, Chapter 9 o man any more has any care for the morrow, either for himself or his children, for the nation guarantees the nurture, education, and comfortable maintenance of every citizen from the cradle to the grave. Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Introduction to Looking Backward:2000-1887 by Matthew Beaumont, New York Times Copyright © 2017 Course Hero, Inc. Rationality Unlike capitalism, nationalism is a rational system. Individualism vs. Community Everyone benefits when the community is cared for. Wealth A gap between rich and poor divides people. Motifs Main Ideas Themes Symbols One time fiancée of Julian in 1887; great-grandmother to Edith Leete Edith Bartlett Retired physician; explains the rationality of the new social order to Julian Dr. Leete Empathetic young woman of the year 2000; admires her great-grandmother’s fiancé, Julian Edith Leete 19th-century gentleman and unintentional time traveler; falls in love with both Ediths Julian West Main Characters Motivated by his belief that an alternate system could offer better conditions than capitalism, Bellamy wrote about a uniquely American form of socialism in Looking Backward that he called “nationalism.” After the success of the novel, Bellamy became an activist and inspired the formation of Nationalist Clubs. EDWARD BELLAMY1850–98 Author Like a rose bush, humanity needs the right environment to reach its potential. Allegory of the Rose Bush Like a giant umbrella, the nation provides protection for everyone. Allegory of the Umbrella Capitalist society is like a coach that the wealthy ride and the rest of humanity pull. Allegory ofthe Coach Julian West, a 19th-century American gentleman, wakes in the year 2000 to a socialist utopia where the nation provides for the needs of every citizen under a system called “nationalism.” In this bright future, the class strife, poverty, and labor strikes of Julian’s time are gone. UnintentionalTime TravelerFinds Utopia MOTIFS English Original Language 1888 Year Published Edward Bellamy Author LookingBackward Science Fiction Novel

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