Mapp v. Ohio | Study Guide

United States Supreme Court

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Course Hero. "Mapp v. Ohio Study Guide." Course Hero. 20 Nov. 2018. Web. 13 Dec. 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Mapp-v-Ohio/>.

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Course Hero. (2018, November 20). Mapp v. Ohio Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved December 13, 2018, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Mapp-v-Ohio/

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Course Hero. "Mapp v. Ohio Study Guide." November 20, 2018. Accessed December 13, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Mapp-v-Ohio/.

Footnote

Course Hero, "Mapp v. Ohio Study Guide," November 20, 2018, accessed December 13, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Mapp-v-Ohio/.

Overview

Author

United States Supreme Court

Year Decided

1961

Type

Primary Source

Genre

Law

At a Glance

  • When police searched the home of Ohio resident Dollree Mapp (1923–2014) without a warrant, they found evidence to convict her of possessing "obscene material."
  • After her conviction, Mapp appealed her case to the Ohio Supreme Court, arguing that she was convicted based on evidence that police had obtained illegally.
  • The Ohio Supreme Court upheld legal precedent establishing that, although federal courts couldn't use illegally obtained evidence in a criminal trial, state courts could. Having lost her appeal at the state level in 1960, Mapp appealed her case to the Supreme Court in 1961.
  • In a 6–3 decision, the Supreme Court banned unlawfully seized evidence from state criminal trials and reversed Mapp's Ohio Supreme Court conviction.
  • Opponents felt that the decision hampered law enforcement's ability to convict criminals. Supporters praised the court's defense of individual privacy.
  • The case strengthened the rights of criminal defendants at all levels and addressed the ongoing issues of fair trials, police accountability, and true justice.

Summary

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