Meditations on First Philosophy (with Objections and Replies) | Study Guide

René Descartes

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Course Hero, "Meditations on First Philosophy (with Objections and Replies) Study Guide," November 10, 2017, accessed June 23, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Meditations-on-First-Philosophy-with-Objections-and-Replies/.

Meditations on First Philosophy (with Objections and Replies) | Section Summaries

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Section Summaries Chart

Section Summary
Letter of Dedication Descartes writes a letter of dedication to "these wisest and most distinguished men, the Dean and Doctors of the holy Fa... Read More
Preface to the Reader Descartes references an earlier work, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of Seeking for Trut... Read More
Synopsis of the Following Six Meditations Descartes summarizes each of the six meditations that constitute Meditations on First Philosophy. He highlights the doub... Read More
First Meditation: Of Those Things That May Be Called into Doubt The Meditator finds himself at a point in life when he can finally properly contemplate the epistemological problems tha... Read More
Second Meditation: Of the Nature of the Human Mind; That It Is More Easily Known Than the Body The next day the Meditator resolves to engage in doubt once again. He is seeking one thing only that is "certain and ind... Read More
Third Meditation: Of God: That He Exists So far the Meditator has achieved the following certainty: he exists as a thinking thing. He also knows what he is think... Read More
Fourth Meditation: Of Truth and Falsity The Meditator is certain of several things: God exists; God is not a deceiver; God created him and his faculties; and he... Read More
Fifth Meditation: Of the Essence of Material Things; And Again of God, That He Exists The Meditator knows the following: he exists as a thinking thing; what he clearly and distinctly perceives is true; God ... Read More
Sixth Meditation: Of the Existence of Material Things, and the Real Distinction between Mind and Body On the assumption the Meditator knows his existence and essence (he is and he thinks), has successfully argued for the e... Read More
Selected Objection and Reply: Clear and Distinct Ideas/Knowledge Descartes solicited objections from a number of sources. Not all of them are included in standard editions of the Medita... Read More
Selected Objection and Reply: The Certainty of the "I Think" In the Fifth Objection, French philosopher Pierre Gassendi argues it is possible to prove one's existence another way. M... Read More
Selected Objection and Reply: Ontological Proof of God's Existence In the First Objections, Catholic theologian Johannes Caterus argues that the ontological argument only establishes conc... Read More
Selected Objection and Reply: The Mind/Body Distinction In the Fourth Objections, French philosopher Antoine Arnauld claims that clear and distinct knowledge of one's mind does... Read More
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