Literature Study GuidesNew Jersey V TLO

New Jersey v. T.L.O. | Study Guide

U.S. Supreme Court

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Course Hero. "New Jersey v. T.L.O. Study Guide." Course Hero. 24 Jan. 2020. Web. 20 Feb. 2020. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Jersey-v-TLO/>.

In text

(Course Hero)

APA

Bibliography

Course Hero. (2020, January 24). New Jersey v. T.L.O. Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved February 20, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Jersey-v-TLO/

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(Course Hero, 2020)

Chicago

Bibliography

Course Hero. "New Jersey v. T.L.O. Study Guide." January 24, 2020. Accessed February 20, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Jersey-v-TLO/.

Footnote

Course Hero, "New Jersey v. T.L.O. Study Guide," January 24, 2020, accessed February 20, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Jersey-v-TLO/.

Overview

Author

U.S. Supreme Court

Year Decided

1985

Type

Primary Source

Genre

Law, U.S. Supreme Court Case

At a Glance

  • On January 15, 1985, in a 6–3 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that public school officials could legally search the personal possessions of students without obtaining a warrant if they had "reasonable grounds" for the search.
  • The case involved a female student, identified only by the initials T.L.O.
  • A teacher found the student smoking a cigarette in the school bathroom. The assistant vice principal then searched the student's purse and found cigarettes and marijuana.
  • The student appealed her conviction for possession of marijuana on the grounds that the search violated her 4th Amendment rights.
  • The 4th Amendment protects individuals against unreasonable, unwarranted searches and seizures. Earlier court decisions had determined that police conducting warrantless searches needed to have probable cause for the search to be constitutional.
  • The decision, written by Justice Byron R. White (1917–2002), resulted in a complex alignment of justices. Some concurred only in part, and Justice John Paul Stevens (1920–2019) wrote a sharp dissent.
  • Critics joined with Stevens in seeing the decision as a serious infringement on students' 4th Amendment rights.
  • Later decisions extended the court's ruling to allow for random drug testing of students involved in school athletics or other extracurricular activities.

Summary

This study guide for U.S. Supreme Court's New Jersey v. T.L.O. offers summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs.

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