Course Hero. "New Testament Study Guide." Course Hero. 27 Apr. 2018. Web. 17 Jan. 2019. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/>.
Course Hero. (2018, April 27). New Testament Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved January 17, 2019, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/
(Course Hero, 2018)
Course Hero. "New Testament Study Guide." April 27, 2018. Accessed January 17, 2019. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/.
Course Hero, "New Testament Study Guide," April 27, 2018, accessed January 17, 2019, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/.
The gospel opens with a genealogy and birth narrative.
Jesus travels, preaches, teaches, and heals in his public ministry.
After his Last Supper with The Twelve, Jesus is arrested and crucified. He is raised from the dead.
The Gospel of Matthew portrays Jesus firmly embedded in Jewish tradition, as a Messiah who fulfills the promises of the Hebrew Bible. The evangelist constantly refers to prophecy and remarks that certain events took place "to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet" (for example, Matthew 1:22).
In many ways, the events of Jesus's life parallel the events of Moses's life, particularly as described in the book of Exodus. Already in Matthew's birth narrative there are parallels to the Exodus 2 story about Moses: a hostile ruler (Pharaoh/Herod) threatens and kills infants (Hebrew slaves/infants in Bethlehem), but the story's hero (Moses/Jesus) escapes through divine providence and returns to/from Egypt to lead his people.
Moses's important role as the lawgiver who brings the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) down from Mount Sinai (Exodus 20) is echoed in Jesus's Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 5–7 where Jesus, too, comments on the Mosaic law and ways to maintain a right relationship with God and with others. Even the dreams of Jesus's adoptive father, Joseph, create another link to the Hebrew Bible, for the patriarch Jacob had a son named Joseph, whose story is told in the book of Genesis (chapters 37–50). That Joseph was another famous biblical dreamer.
A second Hebrew Bible allusion seems to inform the evangelist: the prophets who bring God's message to God's people. The historical and prophetic books of the Hebrew Bible describe figures who arrive to share God's message when the people turn to idolatry or social injustice. Often, these prophets are rejected, even violently, by the Jewish people or their rulers who continue to commit acts that are not righteous. Jesus himself references this biblical pattern in Matthew 23:29–39. There is a repeated type-scene in the Gospel of Matthew where Pharisees and scribes, leaders of the Jews, challenge Jesus's teachings and reject his message (see Matthew 12:1–8 and 21:23–27).
At the same time, Matthew shows some unexpected groups such as tax collectors and sinners welcoming Jesus and his message. Even gentiles (non-Jews) such as the magi in Matthew 2 are more likely than Jews to accept Jesus in this text. When the people of Jerusalem call for Barabbas to be released and say of Jesus, "Let him be crucified!" (Matthew 27:22–23), the gospel implies that Jesus's passion and crucifixion reenact the Jewish tendency to reject God's prophets in the Hebrew Bible.
Another compelling feature of Matthew's account is its focus on unusual natural phenomena, especially at Jesus's birth and death. In part this might reflect a Greco-Roman fascination with interpreting omens. In Greek and Roman biographies, supernatural signs are said to accompany the births of many famous rulers, such as Alexander the Great. But the new star of Matthew 2:2 and the earthquake of Matthew 27:51 could also be linked to a particular view of God. The God who created the heavens and the earth in Genesis 1–3 could certainly influence natural phenomena to mark the birth and death of his son.