Course Hero. "New Testament Study Guide." Course Hero. 27 Apr. 2018. Web. 22 Sep. 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/>.
Course Hero. (2018, April 27). New Testament Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved September 22, 2018, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/
(Course Hero, 2018)
Course Hero. "New Testament Study Guide." April 27, 2018. Accessed September 22, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/.
Course Hero, "New Testament Study Guide," April 27, 2018, accessed September 22, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/New-Testament/.
Jude writes to encourage and warn the community of Christ-believers.
The letter illuminates the close connection many early Christ-believers had to Jewish communities, texts, and teachings. Jude emphasizes divine justice and the promise of an eschatological (end-times) judgment when God's justice will catch up with those who have committed unrighteous acts.
He even refers to the punishment of angelic beings, an idea he draws from a text known as 1 Enoch, which was found among the collection of Jewish texts called the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in caves near Qumran in the mid-20th century. This book, missing from most churches' canons (lists of authoritative books), was probably composed and revised over several hundred years, in the 4th to 1st centuries BCE. It claims to be by the biblical figure Enoch, and the first portion that describes the fallen, rebellious angels also tells about Enoch's journey through the regions of heaven. Jude's familiarity with the noncanonical story suggests that he was deeply interested in the idea of a future divine judgment. By grouping the opponents of his contemporary Christ-believing community with historical rebels and lawless figures, Jude gives a biblical and prophetic justification for the Christ-believers to completely reject them.
Additionally, the letter demonstrates that metaphors drawn from the everyday world were of crucial importance for early Christian writers in their attempts to communicate theological teaching in relatable terms. Jude specifically compares the false teachers to natural phenomena, effectively conveying the idea that these teachers are not capable of contributing anything positive to the Christ-believers.