Course Hero. "Old Testament | Hebrew-Bible Study Guide." Course Hero. 2 Aug. 2018. Web. 19 June 2021. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament-Hebrew-Bible/>.
Course Hero. (2018, August 2). Old Testament | Hebrew-Bible Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved June 19, 2021, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament-Hebrew-Bible/
(Course Hero, 2018)
Course Hero. "Old Testament | Hebrew-Bible Study Guide." August 2, 2018. Accessed June 19, 2021. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament-Hebrew-Bible/.
Course Hero, "Old Testament | Hebrew-Bible Study Guide," August 2, 2018, accessed June 19, 2021, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament-Hebrew-Bible/.
10th–2nd Centuries BCE
The Hebrew Bible is a collection of books originally written in Hebrew and Aramaic. It is sacred scripture for both Judaism and Christianity and important to other world religions, including Islam, Samaritanism, Yazdânism, the Druze, and the Bahá'í Faith. In Judaism the Hebrew Bible is called the "Tanakh" or simply the "Bible," and its contents are counted as 24 separate books. In Protestant Christian Bibles these same books make up the "Old Testament," but they are ordered and counted differently, as 39 books. In the Catholic and Orthodox Christian churches, the Old Testament includes additional books called "Apocrypha" or "Deuterocanonical."
The books of the Hebrew Bible were written by many authors over a span of several centuries. They focus on the history of the people of Israel, the revelation of divine law to Israel, and the relationship between the people of Israel and their god, Yahweh. The Tanakh is the source of key texts read during the Sabbath liturgy and informs later Jewish beliefs and practices. The Old Testament is the historical background and theological foundation for the 27 books of the New Testament and is an important source text for Christian theology alongside the New Testament. This guide follows the Jewish order and organization of the books of the Hebrew Bible: Torah, Prophets, and Writings.
This study guide and infographic for Various's Old Testament | Hebrew-Bible offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs.