Course Hero. "Old Testament Study Guide." Course Hero. 27 Apr. 2018. Web. 21 May 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament/>.
Course Hero. (2018, April 27). Old Testament Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved May 21, 2018, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament/
(Course Hero, 2018)
Course Hero. "Old Testament Study Guide." April 27, 2018. Accessed May 21, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament/.
Course Hero, "Old Testament Study Guide," April 27, 2018, accessed May 21, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Old-Testament/.
Micah's oracles address themes common to most of the prophets: Israel and Judah will fall to their enemies as punishment for their sins. Micah's perspective as an apparent rural outsider who critiques the urban elites of Samaria and Jerusalem with equal ferocity is distinct. Micah does cite idolatry and improper worship in both Samaria and Jerusalem as a cause for judgment (1:5), but his consistent critique is of systemic economic injustice and corruption among the leaders of Israel and Judah.
Micah's outsider perspective can arguably even be seen in the way he describes a future Davidic king (5:2). While other prophets emphasize royal language and trappings, or the rebuilding of the Jerusalem temple, Micah focuses on the humble origins of David as paradigmatic. From Bethlehem, out of "one of the little clans of Judah," will come the one to rule, and "he shall be the one of peace" (5:2, 5). In the Christian New Testament, these statements are interpreted as messianic prophecies referring to Christ (Matthew 2:6), although the full passage in Micah presupposes a time when Assyria is still a threat (5:6).
Several pithy statements encapsulate Micah's message. Toward the end of the book he expresses the essence of his devotion, "But as for me, I will look to Yahweh " (7:7). Micah's most celebrated statement is perhaps the single best concise articulation of the core message of the early prophets: "He has told you, O mortal, what is good; and what does Yahweh require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?" (6:8). Micah's message was a challenge to all people in Israel and Judah to recover this essence of their faith.