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Old Testament | Zephaniah | Summary



  • Zephaniah warns of judgment and destruction on the "day of Yahweh" (1:7, 14).
  • Destruction will fall against Judah and Jerusalem because of the worship of other gods (1:4–5), adoption of foreign customs, and corruption (1:8–9), and Judah is called to repentance.
  • Foreign nations will face judgment (2:4–15).
  • While the haughty will be removed, "a people humble and lowly" will remain (3:12).


Zephaniah describes a coming "day of Yahweh" on which decisive judgment for the wicked will be poured out. This "day of Yahweh" motif is present in a number of prophetic books (Isaiah 13:9; Jeremiah 46:10; Joel 1:15; 2:1; 3:14; Amos 5:18; Obadiah 15; Zechariah 12:4). Zephaniah's message initially sounds hopelessly dire. The day of Yahweh will bring "a full, terrible end" for "all the inhabitants of the earth" (1:18). However, after the hope of a humble remnant for Judah is introduced, Zephaniah ends in a joyful paean celebrating Yahweh's sovereignty in Jerusalem and its people's future restored glory.

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