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Orientalism | Glossary


Arab: (n) an Arabic-speaking individual inhabiting the Middle East

colonialism: (n) a policy of control in which one nation controls another to the benefit of the controlling nation

culture: (n) a group of individuals who share a similar worldview, religion, language, and belief system that is passed on through generations

imaginative geography: (n) a perceived geography rather than a physical geography

Islam: (n) a religion founded by the prophet Muhammad and outlined in the Koran

Muslim: (n) a practitioner of Islam

mythology: (n) a worldview for constructing explanations derived from a set of collectively held beliefs

nationalism: (n) a policy or mindset asserting the benefits of one's own country over other nations

Occident: (n) the Western Hemisphere encompassing the Americas and Europe

philology: (n) the study of the structures of, historical development of, and relationships among languages

Semite: (n) a Jewish individual, or a descendant of the ancient or modern groups living in southwest Asia

semitic: (adj) a language subfamily that includes the Akkadian, Arabic, Aramaic, Ethiopic, Hebrew, and Phoenician languages

Zionism: (n) a movement with the aim of establishing a Jewish state

Zoroastrianism: (n) a pre-Islamic religion still practiced by some Iranian descendants today

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