Politics | Study Guide

Aristotle

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Check out this Infographic to learn more about Aristotle's Politics. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

Politicsby the Numbers Aristotle’s ranking of polity, or the ideal democracy, among the forms of government 1 Types of governments Aristotle identifies: oligarchy, democracy, polity, aristocracy, monarchy, and tyranny 6 Women suited to be involved in politics, according to Aristotle 0 Works of Aristotle that survive today, out of about 200 original works 31 Key Figures Aristotle Philosopher in ancient Greece; studied at Plato’s Academy and became famous for writing on ethics and politics Socrates Ancient Greek philosopher interested in morality and ethics Hippodamus Ancient Greek architect; organized urban planner Plato Ancient Greek philosopher; created foundation of Western philosophy TEACHER TEACHER CRITIC Forms of Government Polity A mix of democracy and oligarchy; seeks to benefit the common interest Aristocracy Rule by the wealthy elites; advantage held by only a few Monarchy Rule by an individual; can slide into tyranny Democracy Rule by all; the poor have the most power; poor are most powerful Oligarchy Rule by the few; power not well distributed Tyranny Rule by a single, oppressive ruler; seeks to control the community POSITIVE FORMS OF GOVERNMENT CORRUPT FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Sources: Biography.com, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. an is by nature a political animal. Aristotle, Book 1, Chapter 2 Author A Greek philosopher best known for his work on poetics, ethics, and politics, Aristotle wrote theoretical works that continue to influence thought today. He was an expert ona wide variety of subjects, from biology to logic, and he is known as the father of political science. ARISTOTLE384–322 BCE Nature People contribute different things to government, depending on their inborn nature. Community Cities are communities, and communities work to support one another. Virtue Virtue is the reason worthwhile communities exist; the purpose of politics is to further virtue. Written over 2,300 years ago, Aristotle’s Politics explores different forms of government, from democracies to tyrannies. It examines which are most effective at serving individual and community needs and promoting human virtue. The Pursuit of Virtue MAIN IDEAS Greek Original Language c. 335–325 BCE Years Written Aristotle Author Politics Political Science Nonfiction

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