Politics | Study Guide

Aristotle

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Check out this Infographic to learn more about Aristotle's Politics. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

Politicsby the NumbersAristotle’s ranking of polity, orthe ideal democracy, amongthe forms of government1Types of governmentsAristotle identifies: oligarchy,democracy, polity, aristocracy,monarchy, and tyranny6Women suited to beinvolved in politics,according to Aristotle0Works of Aristotle thatsurvive today, out of about200 original works31Key FiguresAristotlePhilosopher in ancient Greece;studied at Plato’s Academyand became famous for writingon ethics and politicsSocratesAncient Greekphilosopher interestedin morality and ethicsHippodamusAncient Greekarchitect; organizedurban plannerPlatoAncient Greekphilosopher; createdfoundation ofWestern philosophyTEACHERTEACHERCRITICForms of GovernmentPolityA mix of democracy andoligarchy; seeks to benefitthe common interestAristocracyRule by the wealthy elites;advantage held by only a fewMonarchyRule by an individual;can slide into tyrannyDemocracyRule by all; the poor havethe most power; poor aremost powerfulOligarchyRule by the few;power not well distributedTyrannyRule by a single,oppressive ruler; seeks tocontrol the communityPOSITIVE FORMS OF GOVERNMENTCORRUPT FORMS OF GOVERNMENTSources:Biography.com, Encyclopaedia Britannica,Internet Encyclopedia of PhilosophyCopyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc.an is by nature a political animal.Aristotle,Book 1, Chapter 2AuthorA Greek philosopher bestknown for his work on poetics,ethics, and politics, Aristotlewrote theoretical works thatcontinue to influence thoughttoday. He was an expert ona wide variety of subjects,from biology to logic, and heis known as the father ofpolitical science.ARISTOTLE384–322 BCENaturePeople contribute differentthings to government, dependingon their inborn nature.CommunityCities are communities, andcommunities work to supportone another.VirtueVirtue is the reason worthwhilecommunities exist; the purposeof politics is to further virtue.Written over 2,300 years ago, Aristotle’sPoliticsexplores different forms ofgovernment, from democracies to tyrannies. It examines which are mosteffective at serving individual and community needs and promoting human virtue.The Pursuitof VirtueMAIN IDEASGreekOriginal Languagec. 335–325 BCEYears WrittenAristotleAuthorPoliticsPolitical ScienceNonfiction

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