Second Treatise of Government | Study Guide

John Locke

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Government Symbolizes the social contract and rule by the will of the people America To Locke, represents an uncivilized place where people live in a state of nature Absolute Monarchy Stands for lack of restraint and a tyrannical domination of the people Symbols John Locke, Chapter 19 here there is no longer the administration of justice, for the securing of men’s rights ... for the necessities of the public, there certainly is no government left. Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. Year Locke took part in a successful operation on his friend, Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, in which a silver tube was stuck into Cooper's liver tumor to drain it 1668 Chapter in Second Treatise of Government that likely inspired the “all men are created equal” line in the Declaration of Independence 2 Years Locke spent in exile in Holland, from 1683 to 1689 >5 Years Locke spent in exile in France, from 1675 to 1679 ~4 The Second Treatise of Governmentby the Numbers Born in England, Locke was a highly influential 17th-century philosopher whose study of medicine shaped the scientific approach evident in his writings, especially his landmark Treatises of Government. His ideas became the basis of modern Western philosophy and inspired the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution. JOHN LOCKE1632–1704 Author A government should be based on consent and should exist to protect the rights of its citizens. These ideas are taken for granted in modern democracies, but they are rooted in Locke’s philosophy. The ideas in his Second Treatise of Government inspired both the American Revolution and its foundational documents. The Will of the People MAIN IDEAS State of Nature Without the constraints of civilization, all men are free and equal. Civil Society People surrender some rights to form societies and gain protection. Property & Liberty Civil society has an obligation to protect people's property and defend their liberty. Context Glorious Revolution of 1688 Parliament replaced King James II and enacted the English Bill of Rights, actions Locke supported. Rationalism & the Enlightenment As a rationalist thinker of the Enlightenment, Locke used logic to support his arguments. Locke’s Place in Political Philosophy Locke’s ideas affected the revolutions in America and France. English Original Language 1689 Year Published John Locke Author Second Treatise of Government Political Science Nonfiction

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