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Course Hero, "Siddhartha Study Guide," February 24, 2018, accessed July 23, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Siddhartha/.

Siddhartha | Glossary

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ablutions: a religious rite of washing one's hands, feet, face, or other body parts before prayer

alms: a gift of charity given to the poor, such as food or money

ascetic: a person who gives up wealth and comforts to live a life of self-discipline, often for religious reasons

Atman: the individual essence of all life in the universe, considered by some as the "self" or soul

brahman: the combined essence of all life in the universe, described as a sacred power or as the supreme divine being

Brahmin: a person of the highest Hindu caste, who are often priests

Buddha: a title meaning "awakened," bestowed on a person who has achieved enlightenment

Eightfold Path: the Buddha's teachings on how to free oneself of suffering in life; also called the Middle Path

enlightenment: a blissful spiritual awakening or state in which a person overcomes desire and suffering and understands the full nature of man and divinity

ennui: a feeling of boredom or weariness with life

fast: to abstain from eating food, often for religious reasons

Four Noble Truths: the Buddha's teachings about suffering and desire

funeral pyre: a pile of wood or other material constructed for burning a person's body in a funeral

Maya: the world of the senses or physical life, viewed as an illusion that separates man from the divine

meditation: a practice of concentrating on one object or action, or of emptying the mind of thought, to achieve a state of trance

Nirvana: a divine state of consciousness free of suffering and desire, achieved during enlightenment

Om: a sacred sound that represents the divine consciousness of all life

pilgrim: a person who undertakes a journey to a holy place for religious reasons

Samana: a wandering ascetic monk

Samsara: the cycle of life in which time continually flows together through birth, death, and rebirth

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