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Symposium | Glossary


Achilles: legendary Greek hero who took part in the Trojan War. He killed the Trojan prince Hector and was killed in turn by Paris.

Aphrodite: Greek goddess of love and mother of Eros. As with many figures in the Greek pantheon, her origins are the subject of multiple contradictory myths.

Ares: Greek god of war and bloodlust. He was the lover of Aphrodite and, according to one version of the myth, the father of Eros.

Dionysus: Greek god of wine and merrymaking. Agathon describes him as the patron deity of the symposium.

erastes: in Classical Athens, the older male in a same-sex relationship. The word literally means "lover" and is usually translated as such.

eromenos: in Classical Athens, the younger male in a same-sex relationship. The word literally means "beloved" and is sometimes translated as "boyfriend."

Eros: Greek god of love, similar in many respects to the Roman Cupid. By extension, the word eros is used to refer to many kinds of love or attraction, from sexual desire to the philosophical quest for truth.

satyr: a half-man, half-goat creature associated with nature, music, and mischief

symposiast: a person taking part in a symposium

symposium: originally, a ritualized social gathering of aristocratic Greek men. In modern times, the word is often applied to academic meetings and conferences.

Zeus: ruler of the Greek gods and father of most of the other Olympians. His emblems include the eagle and the thunderbolt.

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