Course Hero. "The Communist Manifesto Study Guide." Course Hero. 15 Nov. 2017. Web. 14 Aug. 2022. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Communist-Manifesto/>.
Course Hero. (2017, November 15). The Communist Manifesto Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved August 14, 2022, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Communist-Manifesto/
(Course Hero, 2017)
Course Hero. "The Communist Manifesto Study Guide." November 15, 2017. Accessed August 14, 2022. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Communist-Manifesto/.
Course Hero, "The Communist Manifesto Study Guide," November 15, 2017, accessed August 14, 2022, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Communist-Manifesto/.
alienation: (n) an idea from Marxist philosophy that workers are alienated, or distanced, from the products they make because they produce them for a wage and do not own them
bourgeoisie: (n) social class consisting of the owners of wealth, particularly through means of production; industrialists, capitalists
burgess: (n) an office or position in a feudal society that comes with certain freedoms and rights, often including political representation or the ability to hold state office
burgher: (n) a prosperous middle-class urban merchant or person in business
class struggle: (n) the conflict for political supremacy involving one social class against another, as seen throughout history in the example of slaves versus masters or peasants versus lords. In the modern period, the class struggle is the conflict between workers and capitalists, proletariat and bourgeoisie.
Communist League: (n) a revolutionary socialist party based in Europe in the mid-19th century, and the organization that commissioned the writing of The Communist Manifesto
crisis of overproduction: (n) the economic depression resulting from producing too much goods and saturating a given market. Causing curtailed production and lost jobs, the crisis ends in a market collapse and economic paralysis.
critical-utopian socialism: (n) also called utopian socialism, the brand of socialism that seeks an end to capitalism through the reconciliation of workers and capitalists without a violent revolutionary period
Enlightenment: (n) the primarily 18th-century intellectual movement that advocated rational inquiry, the scientific method, and individual rights
Hegelianism: (n) the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, emphasizing a three-fold concept: thesis, antithesis, and syntheses, with a tension between first two
historical materialism: (n) the philosophy that material factors in society, such as class and economics, are the driving forces of history
middle class: (n) in Marxist terms, the class between aristocrats and commoners in the feudal era—the group that would become the bourgeoisie (or the class between upper bourgeoisie and proletariat, such as the petty-bourgeoisie) in the period of industrial capitalism
proletariat: (n) the working class, particularly urban industrial wage workers
social democrats: (n) European parliamentary party members seeking improved working and living conditions for workers under capitalism