John Joseph Mearsheimer
John Joseph Mearsheimer graduated from West Point in 1970 with a bachelor of sciences degree. After serving for five years in the United States Air Force, he earned a master's degree in international relations from the University of Southern California. In 1978 he earned a master's degree in government and in 1980 a PhD in government, both from Cornell University. He has earned several honorary doctorate degrees from universities in Greece, Romania, and China. Mearsheimer believes that successful foreign policy depends upon an understanding of social science theories. He frequently engages in public policy debates, including important issues such as the American decision under President George W. Bush to invade Iraq. "The False Promise of International Institutions" was originally published in 1995 in the academic journal International Security. Throughout the essay Mearsheimer uses logical analysis and an examination of empirical evidence to explain why the United States' foreign policy after the Cold War has so frequently led to failure.