The Federalist Papers | Study Guide

Alexander Hamilton

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The Federalist Papers | Section Summaries


Section Summaries Chart

Section Summary
Essays 1–3 Alexander Hamilton begins the series of essays with a strong, programmatic introduction that leaves no doubt where the... Read More
Essays 4–6 In this essay, John Jay probes the links between the growing commercial activity of the United States and the task of ... Read More
Essays 7–9 Hamilton next carries his concern for the establishment of a single government for the Union to consideration of other... Read More
Essays 10–12 In this essay Madison is concerned, first and foremost, with the evils and dangers of "faction," by which he means a g... Read More
Essays 13–15 In this essay, Hamilton makes a brief but persuasive case that a single national government will be substantially less... Read More
Essays 16–18 In this essay, Hamilton undertakes to deal with the defects that beset confederacies. He mentions the Lycian and Achae... Read More
Essays 19–21 In this paper coauthored by Madison and Hamilton, the discussion of prior confederacies continues, supported by specif... Read More
Essays 22–24 In this essay, Hamilton extends his catalog of defects in the Articles of Confederation. The first defect he discusses... Read More
Essays 25–27 At the beginning of this essay, Hamilton rejects out of hand the suggestion that perhaps the states, rather than the n... Read More
Essays 28–30 Once again Hamilton embarks on a discussion of the use of force by government and of the maintenance of standing armie... Read More
Essays 31–33 Hamilton begins this essay by making an analogy. Just as there are fundamental axioms in geometry, he asserts, there a... Read More
Essays 34–36 Hamilton recapitulates his claim that the national government and the particular states will possess "co-equal authori... Read More
Essays 37–39 In this essay, Madison considers the practical challenges confronting the Constitutional Convention, which was held in... Read More
Essays 40–42 In this paper, Madison responds with care and precision to one of the Anti-Federalists' most disturbing charges: that ... Read More
Essays 43–45 In this essay, Madison discusses a varied assortment of powers granted by the new Constitution to the federal governme... Read More
Essays 46–48 As its title implies, this paper is closely linked to the preceding one. Although the federal and state governments ma... Read More
Essays 49–51 Madison begins this essay with another reference to Thomas Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia, which he had qu... Read More
Essays 52–54 Madison now inaugurates a series of essays that consider each branch of the national government and the various subdiv... Read More
Essays 55–57 How large ought the House of Representatives to be? In the First Congress, there were 65 representatives; at the prese... Read More
Essays 58–60 In this paper, Madison deals with apprehensions that political maneuvering will short-circuit the Constitution's order... Read More
Essays 61–63 Some critics of the Constitution, writes Hamilton, have objected that elections should be held in the counties where t... Read More
Essays 64–66 John Jay has not appeared as an author in The Federalist Papers series since Essay 5, as he wrote only five papers in ... Read More
Essays 67–69 Hamilton meets adversaries head-on in this essay, in which he categorically rejects the claim of the Constitution's cr... Read More
Essays 70–72 How strong should the presidency be? This is the basic question Hamilton addresses in Essay 70. As might be expected, ... Read More
Essays 73–75 In this paper, Hamilton focuses on two aspects of the presidency and the powers of that office: the president's salary... Read More
Essays 76–78 Among the appointments that the president may make, with the advice and consent of the Senate, are judges of the Supre... Read More
Essays 79–81 Aside from judicial independence, Hamilton asserts, nothing is more important for the judiciary than stable financial ... Read More
Essays 82–85 The main objection to the Constitution that Hamilton considers here is that the federal judiciary will deprive the sta... Read More
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