The Frogs | Study Guide


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Course Hero Literature Instructor Russell Jaffe provides an in-depth summary and analysis of the Exodos from Aristophanes's play The Frogs.

The Frogs | Exodos | Summary



In the Exodos (finale) Pluto bids Aeschylus farewell, saying, [Go, / save our city with your noble thoughts, / and educate our fools—we have so many." The chorus approves Dionysus's decision, and Dionysus suggests that the audience will approve as well. Dionysus joins Pluto for a final entertainment before returning to the land of the living. Meanwhile, Aeschylus turns over his seat to Sophocles, further humiliating Euripides. The chorus ends the play with a plea for an end to the war: "To the city / grant worthy thoughts / ... Then we could put an end to / ... the harmful clash of arms."


This last very brief section of the play pulls all the pieces together and wraps up the story with a satisfying ending. It also reengages the audience by breaking the fourth wall: in his response to Euripides's angry questioning of his "dirty" decision, Dionysus says, "What's dirty if this audience approves?"

The play ends on a hopeful note. The message from both Pluto and the Chorus to the audience is clear: follow the lights of the past, and walk in virtue and honor. By doing these things, Athens will recapture its past glories and win the war.

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