Course Hero. "The Magna Carta Study Guide." Course Hero. 24 Feb. 2018. Web. 24 June 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Magna-Carta/>.
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(Course Hero, 2018)
Course Hero. "The Magna Carta Study Guide." February 24, 2018. Accessed June 24, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Magna-Carta/.
Course Hero, "The Magna Carta Study Guide," February 24, 2018, accessed June 24, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/The-Magna-Carta/.
The Magna Carta of 1215 is made up of 63 sections, with no real organizational principle. Some of the sections seem loosely grouped together by association, while others cycle back to topics previously discussed. The document is a response to specific complaints of the barons. It reads as a list of promises King John agrees to abide by to satisfy his barons.
The Magna Carta begins with a preamble in which King John introduces himself. He states the purpose of the charter and names the main advisors who helped negotiate it.
This section begins the list of promises. It declares the freedom of the English Church and states that the freedoms and liberties in the document apply to all free men.
These sections tackle specific situations involving the inheritance, widows, and heirs of a deceased person. They ensure the fair and humane treatment of heirs and widows.
These sections set out guidelines for dealing fairly with people who owe debts, both before they have died and afterward, when their debts pass on to their heirs.
They set out limitations on the amounts of various kinds of payments the king can demand of his barons and barons of their own tenants.
These provide provisions for an accessible and orderly justice system.
These sections set forth a number of very specific limitations placed on the king and on local officials. These are meant to curtail abusive practices that were problematic at the time.
These provide additional regulations about the administration of justice. They focus on the rights of those accused of crimes.
They ensure ease and freedom of movement throughout England as well as across its borders. This allows for easier trade and travel outside the kingdom.
This section returns to the topic of heirs. It specifies fair treatment of an heir who inherits land that has reverted to the possession of the king.
These specifically apply to the enforcement of laws in the royal forests. These were large areas of land that were subject to a different, more restrictive set of laws in order to maintain them as prime hunting grounds for the king.
This section states the king will only appoint judges and court officers who know the law and can be trusted to keep it.
This section has some specific instructions for the guardianship of abbeys founded by barons. This ensures the baron who founded an abbey keeps guardianship of it even when it does not have an abbot.
These sections include ways the king will reverse the harm he caused while in conflict with the barons, including returning hostages and lands.
These set additional limits and regulations on the justice system.
These sections list more ways the king will repair harm he has caused.
This section specifies the rights and liberties in the charter are for all the king's subjects.
This section gives procedures for the enforcement of the charter, including ways the barons can force the king to abide by its limitations.
This section pardons all the clergy and laymen who have been at odds with the king.
This section reiterates the freedom of the English Church. It states that the rights and liberties in this document will be honored by the king and his heirs forever.