The New Jim Crow | Study Guide

Michelle Alexander

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Michelle Alexander, Introduction e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Sources: ACLU,, PBS Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) Ruled that segregating public schools was unconstitutional Affidavit Written statement confirmed by oath used as evidence in court 14th Amendment Provides equal protection and citizenship rights under the law Key Terms The War on Drugs A government policy that federally funded enforcement of drug laws; started in the 1970s and expanded in the 1980s Mass Incarceration A boom in the prison population that has occurred since the 1970s with the majority of those imprisoned being African American Jim Crow A series of state laws that enforced racial segregation and disenfranchisement of African Americans in the South from 1877 to 1964 Context Alexander is the former director of the ACLU’s Racial Justice Project and has taught law at numerous universities. She has also served as a law clerk for U.S. Supreme Court and Court of Appeals judges. She has focused on class-action lawsuits in race and gender discrimination when practicing law. MICHELLE ALEXANDERBORN 1967 Author Denying the existence of racial castes perpetuates mass incarceration. Role of Denial Refusing to “see” race means failing to see racial inequity where it exists. Dangers of Colorblindness The way people are treated by society is often defined by their race. Racial Castes & Social Control From slavery to Jim Crow laws, African Americans have long been relegated to the status of second-class citizens by society, government, and police. The War on Drugs ushered in a new system of racial control under the guise of drug law enforcement—mass incarceration. The Epidemic of Mass Incarceration MAIN IDEAS English Original Language 2010 Year Published Michelle Alexander Author The New Jim Crow Nonfiction Nonfiction

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