The Old Man and the Sea | Study Guide

Ernest Hemingway

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The Old Man and the Sea | Infographic

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Check out this Infographic to learn more about Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

the-old-man-and-the-sea-ernest-hemingwaySources: Animation World Network,, Encyclopaedia Britannica,Ernest Hemingway by Verna Kale, Ernest Hemingway A to Z: The EssentialReference to the Life and Work by Charles M. Oliver,, PBSCopyright © 2017 Course Hero, Inc.INFORMSAPPRENTICEFEEDSNAYSAYADVERSARIESMarlin & SharksRepresent the majesty and brute force of natureJoe DiMaggioEmbodies a champions skill and determination to overcome obstacles MastAlluding to the Christian cross, represents Santiagos willingness to suffer and accept fate SantiagoOld fisherman down on his luck but unbroken in spirit; tries to catch the marlin FishermenLook down on Santiagos string of bad luck;awestruck by the marlin MartinGenerous cafe owner; provides free meals to Santiago MarlinPowerful fish; match for Santiagos stubbornness PericoProvides Santiago with newspapers, which he sleeps on ManolinSantiagos admiring apprentice; kind, helpful, and optimisticMain CharactersSymbolsThe Old Man and the Seaby the NumbersLength of the marlin, measured in feet 1954Year Hemingway won the Nobel Prize in Literature>5MCopies sold of the 1952 Life magazine issue containing The Old Man and the Sea 29,000Glass-painted frames used in the 1999 Oscar-winning short film version of The Old Man and the Sea 18Hemingways plots reflecthis own experiences as a daring adventurer and outdoorsman. Known for his simple and straightforward style, Hemingway often wrote about isolated heroes who prove themselves in the face of lifes obstacles. The Old Man and the Sea earned Hemingway the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.ERNEST HEMINGWAY18991961Authorish ... I love you and respectyou very much. But I will killyou dead before this day ends.SantiagoSantiago persists in overcoming great obstacles and remains undefeated.PerseveranceSantiagos endurance distinguishes him as a hero.Pain & SufferingEach creature is both predator and prey, killingyet also sustaining.Circle of LifeAn expert in his field, Santiago makes up for his diminishing physical strength with skill, planning, and knowledge.Physical Strength & SkillAfter 84 days without a catch, old fisherman Santiago finally hooks a huge marlin. When the fish pulls him out into the ocean, the old man endures pain, loneliness, and doubt before finally reeling the creature in. Returning to shore, Santiago loses his catch of a lifetime to sharks—but as he accepts his fate, his loss becomes triumph. Destroyed butNot DefeatedTHEMESEnglishOriginal Language1952Year PublishedErnest HemingwayAuthorThe Old Manand the SeaAllegoryNovella

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