The Prince | Study Guide

Niccolò Machiavelli

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The Prince | Characters

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MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli, the narrator of The Prince, served as the defense secretary for Florence until the Medici family reclaimed power in 1513; he was sent into exile and wrote The Prince during this time. Read More
Lorenzo de' MediciLorenzo de' Medici ruled Florence from 1513 to 1519; Machiavelli dedicated The Prince to him. Read More
Pope Leo XPope Leo X was Lorenzo de' Medici's uncle who helped reestablish the family's power in Florence and named his nephew ruler. Read More
Cesare BorgiaCesare Borgia was the brutal commander of the papal army in 1496; Machiavelli uses him as a model of the "new prince."
Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon was the King of Spain from 1479 to 1516.
King Louis XIIKing Louis XII was a popular ruler in France but became known for his disastrous role as King of Naples; Machiavelli cites him as an example of how not to rule.
HannibalHannibal led the Carthaginian army across the Alps in 218 BCE during the Second Punic War.
L. Septimius SeverusL. Septimius Severus was the totalitarian emperor of Rome from 193 to 211.
Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great was a renowned military strategist who served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 BCE.
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar was the dictator often credited with establishing the Roman Empire.
Cyrus the GreatCyrus the Great established the First Persian Empire and was considered to be the ideal leader, according to Machiavelli.
RomulusRomulus was the first king of Rome.
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