The Social Contract | Study Guide

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Download a PDF to print or study offline.

Study Guide
Cite This Study Guide

How to Cite This Study Guide

quotation mark graphic


Course Hero. "The Social Contract Study Guide." Course Hero. 27 Apr. 2018. Web. 19 Jan. 2019. <>.

In text

(Course Hero)



Course Hero. (2018, April 27). The Social Contract Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved January 19, 2019, from

In text

(Course Hero, 2018)



Course Hero. "The Social Contract Study Guide." April 27, 2018. Accessed January 19, 2019.


Course Hero, "The Social Contract Study Guide," April 27, 2018, accessed January 19, 2019,

The Social Contract | Key Figures

Key Figure Description
Aristotle Aristotle (384–322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher whose systematic works range from aesthetics to biology. His political philosophy influenced subsequent political theorists, such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Read More
Hugo Grotius Hugo Grotius (1583–1645) was a Dutch intellectual, statesman, and diplomat. He is considered the "father of international law." Read More
Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) was an English polymath, whose interests included philosophy, science, and history. His masterwork is his political treatise, Leviathan (1651). Read More
Niccolò Machiavelli Niccolò Machiavelli (1469–1527) was an Italian intellectual and statesman. The Prince, his political treatise, is his best known work. Read More
Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède and de Montesquieu Montesquieu (1689–1755) was a French intellectual who was best known for his political philosophy. Read More
Plato Plato (c. 428/427 to 348/347 BCE) was a Greek philosopher whose systematic works include his political treatises, The Republic, and Laws. The Republic, in particular, has been influential on subsequent political theorists, including Rousseau. Read More
Adam In the first book of the Hebrew Bible, Genesis, Adam appears as the first man.
Jean Barbeyrac Jean Barbeyrac (1674–1744) was a French jurist and translator.
Pierre Bayle Pierre Bayle (1647–1706) was a French philosopher. His "Historical and Critical Dictionary" was condemned by both the French Roman Catholic Church and the French Reformed Church of Rotterdam.
Caesar (Julius) Julius Caesar (c. 100–44 BCE) was a Roman general and statesman who conquered Gaul. He was assassinated before he could enact a series of social and political reforms.
Caligula Caligula (12 BCE–41 CE) was a Roman emperor best known for his extreme behaviors.
Marcus Tullius Cicero Marcus Tullius Cicero (106–43 BCE) was a Roman writer, scholar, law, and statesman. His writings range from rhetoric to political treatises.
Oliver Cromwell Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658) was an English statesman and solider. He led forces during the English Civil wars.
François de Vendôme, Duc de Beaufort François de Vendôme (1616–1669) was a prominent French figure.
George I (England) George I (1660–1727) was the first Hanoverian king of Great Britain.
James II James II, the Duke of York (1633–1701) was the king of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Louis IX Louis IX (1214–1270) was the king of France.
Louis XIII Louis IX (1601–1643) was the king of France.
Lycurgus Lycurgus (390–c. 324 BCE) was an Athenian statesman. He was also an orator.
Mahomet Mahomet, or Muhammad (c. 570 BCE–632 CE), was the prophet of Islam.
Gaius Marius Gaius Marius (c. 157–86 BCE) was a Roman general and politician.
Karl Marx Karl Marx (1818–83) was a Prussian socialist economist who wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867).
Minos Minos is the ruler of Crete in Greek mythology. He was said to be the son of the gods Zeus and Europa.
Moloch Moloch, or Molech, was a Canaanite deity. In the Hebrew bible, he is associated with child sacrifice.
Moses Moses, or Moshe, who lived c. 14th and 13th centuries BCE, was a Hebrew prophet.
Noah Noah is a biblical figure, known as the hero of the flood story in the Hebrew bible.
Numa Pompilius Numa Pompilius (c. 700 BCE) was a Roman ruler prior to the founding of the Roman Republic.
Pompey the Great Pompey the Great, or Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (106 BCE–48 CE) was a statesman and general in the later Roman Republic. He was also an associate of Julius Caesar, whom he later opposed.
Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoe is the fictional character in the novel of the same name. Written by Daniel Defoe, the full title of the novel is The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner: Who Lived Eight and Twenty Years, All Alone in an Un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, Near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having Been Cast on Shore by Shipwreck, Wherein All the Men Perished but Himself. With an Account how he was at last as Strangely Deliver'd by Pyrates. Written by Himself.
Romulus Romulus Augustulus (5th century CE) was the last Western Roman emperor.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) was a Swiss-born French philosopher and novelist.
Samuel (Israel) Samuel, or Shmu'el, was a Hebrew prophet who flourished in the 11th century BCE.
Saturn Saturn is the Roman god of seed. His Greek counterpart is Cronus, the god of agriculture.
Servius Tullius Servius Tullius (c. 578–535 BCE) is credited with creating the Servian Constitution. This constitution divided members into five classes according to wealth.
Solon Solon (c. 630–560 BCE) was an Athenian statesman.
The Council of Ten The Venetian Council of Ten was a political organization in the 14th century. It was established for the purpose of defending the existing rule.
Ulysses Ulysses is the hero of Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey.
William Warburton William Warburton (1698–1779) was an Anglican bishop. He was also an active literary critic.
William of Orange William of Orange, also known as William III (1650–1702), reigned jointly with Queen Mary II over England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was also the Dutch official (stadtholder) of the United Provinces of the Netherlands.
Cite This Study Guide

information icon Have study documents to share about The Social Contract? Upload them to earn free Course Hero access!