The Tragedy of the Commons | Study Guide

Garrett Hardin

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The Tragedy of the Commons | Key Figures

Key Figure Description
Garrett Hardin Garrett Hardin (1915–2003), ecologist and professor of biology at the University of California, wrote "The Tragedy of the Commons" and numerous other works supporting family planning and population reduction. Read More
Thomas Malthus Thomas Malthus (1766–1834) was the first economist to analyze population growth and to warn of the dangers of overpopulation. Read More
Charles Darwin Charles Darwin (1809–82) was an English naturalist and biologist. Read More
Gregory Bateson Gregory Bateson (1904–80) was an anthropologist and social scientist. He is known for his "double bind" theory contradictory messages can lead to anxiety and mental illness.
Jeremy Bentham Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) was a British philosopher of law. His philosophy of utilitarianism assesses the morality of an action on the results rather than on inflexible rules.
Paul Ehrlich Paul Ehrlich (born 1932) is an American biologist and author whose 1968 book The Population Bomb predicted imminent famine. He argued birth control and abortion might be made compulsory and urged the United States to stop aid to developing countries that do not reduce their birth rate.
William Forster Lloyd William Forster Lloyd (1794–1852) was a British economist. His 1833 treatise, Two Lectures on the Checks to Population, described the exploitation and destruction of an overused resource, which became the basis for Hardin's "The Tragedy of the Commons."
Georg Hegel Georg Hegel (1770–1831) was a German philosopher. In his treatise Philosophy of Right, he theorized the interrelationships among morality, the family, civil society, and history.
Adam Smith Adam Smith (1723–90) was a Scottish economist. In his 1776 treatise The Wealth of Nations, he developed the notion of an "invisible hand" in which individual decisions made in rational self-interest come to promote the common good.
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