The Wonderful Wizard of Oz | Study Guide

L. Frank Baum

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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz | Chapter 18 : Away to the South | Summary



Dorothy can't help being relieved not to be floating around in a balloon, but she still wants to get home to Kansas. The Scarecrow suggests summoning the Flying Monkeys; the Monkey King comes but explains they can't leave Oz. The soldier with the green whiskers suggests that she ask for help from Glinda, the Good Witch, who rules the Quadlings in the Land of the South. He adds that the road to the South is straight but dangerous. The Scarecrow, Cowardly Lion, and Woodman decide to go with Dorothy; the Scarecrow adds that he won't leave her until he knows she's on the way home.

Dorothy thanks her friends, and they decide to leave the next morning.


With the mention of Glinda, L. Frank Baum introduces the fourth witch in Oz. Oz is divided into four countries, but we only hear about three of them in the The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: Munchkin Country in the East, Winkie Country in the West, and Quadling Country in the South. Gillikin Country in the North features in a later book.

Note Baum's emphasis on keeping Oz in balance. A witch rules each country in Oz; two are good, two bad. Dorothy's arrival kills one of the wicked witches, and one of her main quests is to kill the other. The Wicked Witch of the East dries up when the house falls on her; the Wicked Witch of the West is killed with water.

Many critics have noted that the three countries introduced in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz are associated with the three primary colors. The Emerald City, appropriately, lies between yellow Winkie Country and blue Munchkin Country. The landscape between the Emerald City and red Quadling Country is brown, which results from the overlapping of the three primary colors. Though the color scheme is deliberate, it does not seem to be symbolic.

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