The Wretched of the Earth | Study Guide

Frantz Fanon

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The Wretched of the Earth | Chapter 6 : Conclusion | Summary



Frantz Fanon's conclusion is a rousing call to action. He calls on "brothers" and "comrades" to turn away from Europe. Europe is doomed, "swaying between atomic and spiritual disintegration." Moreover, he claims "the European game has finally ended; we must find something different." He also advises against trying to catch up to Europe. Instead he says, "What we want to do is go forward ... in the company of Man." Going forward means not imitating Europe but creating something else: "We must invent and we must make discoveries." Ultimately, these efforts will benefit all of humanity.


The Wretched of the Earth begins in reaction to the settler as the native reacts to the settler's violence. The conclusion calls on the citizens of the new nation to stop reacting to Europe. Frantz Fanon mildly denigrates Europe, as if to downplay its importance. Europe is in "stasis," no longer changing and creating history. Europe's "game has finally ended." The continent is finished and "should not make such a song and dance about it." Fanon wants the citizens of the new nation to no longer orient their actions according to what the former colonial powers are doing. On the contrary, the Third World should strive for a new beginning.

Fanon also stops using the terms "the settler" and "the native." The conclusion is void of these two figures that played such prominent roles in the rest of the book. Those figures belonged to the colonial world, "a world cut in two." Instead, Fanon uses the first-person plural, addressing a "we" consisting of Third World "comrades." "For Europe, for ourselves, and for humanity," Fanon writes, "we must work out new concepts, and try to set afoot a new man."

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