The Wretched of the Earth | Study Guide

Frantz Fanon

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The Wretched of the Earth | Characters

Character Description
The native The native was born in the colony and is viewed as less than human by the settler. Read More
The settler The settler originally came from the country that has taken over the native's land. Read More
The native intellectual The native intellectual has received a European education. Read More
The peasant The peasant works the land and risks starvation. Read More
The national bourgeoisie The national bourgeoisie is a small class of urban professionals, such as doctors and lawyers. Read More
Ahmadou Ahidjo Ahmadou Ahidjo (1924–89) was the first president of the United Republic of Cameroon, serving from 1960 to 1982. With the help of French troops he put down the radical, nationalist Cameroon People's Union.
Behanzin King Behanzin (1844–1906) ruled Dahomey, modern-day Benin, from 1889 to 1894. The French invaded and he was deposed.
Fidel Castro Fidel Castro (1926–2016) was the political leader of Cuba from 1959 to 2008. He led a revolution in Cuba, which became the first communist country in the Western hemisphere.
Aimé Césaire Aimé Césaire (1913–2008) was a poet and writer from Martinique in the West Indies, and a leader of the Negritude literary movement. His influence on Fanon began when he taught Fanon in high school (lycée).
René Depestre René Depestre is a writer and poet from Haiti. He was born in 1926 in Jacmel, Haiti.
Mamadou Dia Mamadou Moustapha Dia (1910–2009) served as the first prime minister of Senegal under then-president Léopold Senghor from 1959 to 1962. He was ousted when Senghor denounced him as being part of an attempted coup against Senghor's leadership.
Engels Friedrich Engels (1820–95) was a German political thinker. Together with German philosopher Karl Marx he coauthored The Communist Manifesto (1848).
Colonel Gagarin Yuri Gagarin (1934–68) was a Soviet cosmonaut and the first person to travel in space.
General de Gaulle Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970), a French army officer, was the leader of the French Free forces during World War II, from exile in London and later Algiers. Later he served as president of France from 1958 to 1969.
Abdel Kader Abdel Kader (1808–83) was the founder of the modern Algerian nation. He fought against French colonial rule.
Fodéba Keita Fodéba Keita (1921–69) was a Guinean songwriter, choreographer, playwright, and poet.
Jomo Kenyatta Jomo Kenyatta (1894–1978) was the first prime minister of independent Kenya (1963–64) and then its president (1964–78).
Nikita Khrushchev Nikita Khrushchev (1894–1971) was the premier of the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1964.
Robert Lacoste Robert Lacoste (1898-1989) was a French colonial minister in Algeria in the 1950s.
Patrice Lumumba Patrice Lumumba (1925–61) was the first prime minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Congo. He was assassinated in 1961.
Mohammad Mossadegh Mohammad Mossadegh (1880–1967) was premier of Iran from 1951 to 1953. He nationalized the British oil industry in Iran and was ousted in a coup masterminded by the United States and Great Britain.
Felix-Roland Moumie Felix-Roland Moumie (1926–60) was a leader of a nationalist party in Cameroon, the Cameroon People's Union. This party was later suppressed by Cameroon's first president, Ahmadou Ahidjo, who had pledged to keep close ties with France. Moumie was assassinated in 1960 by a former agent of the French secret service.
Kwame Nkrumah Kwame Nkrumah (1909–72) was a leader of the fight for the Gold Coast's independence from Great Britain. He became first prime minister of the new nation of Ghana.
Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–80) was a French philosopher and author who had a profound impact on Fanon's writings. He is the author of the book's preface.
Léopold Senghor Léopold Senghor (1906–2001) was a poet and the first president of Senegal. He was a leading figure in the literary movement known as Negritude.
Georges Sorel Georges Sorel (1847–1922) was a revolutionary syndicalist who promoted the concept of the general strike and wrote about the role of violence in social change. His ideas were later associated with fascism.
Soundiata Soundiata was a West African monarch who founded the empire of Mali. He died in 1255.
Sékou Touré Sékou Touré (1922–84) was the first president of the Republic of Guinea.
Tshombe Moise Tshombe (1919–69) was president of the secessionist African state of Katanga, which seceded from Lumumba's Democratic Republic of Congo. The secession of Katanga was a blow to Lumumba's new government, as it collaborated with the army of the former colonial power Belgium.
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