The Wretched of the Earth | Study Guide

Frantz Fanon

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The Wretched of the Earth | Glossary


adventurer: In Marxist discourse, an adventurer is someone who participates in a revolution for their own excitement.

Balkanization: Balkanization describes the process of breaking up a region or a nation into smaller units, often hostile to each other.

caid: A caid is a Muslim local administrator, judge, and tax collector in North Africa.

dialectics: Dialectics, when used in Marxist discourse, describes the systematic process of historical change.

Dien Bien Phu: The town of Dien Bien Phu was the site of a decisive Vietnamese victory in the war between the French and the Vietnamese nationalist, communist forces.

douar: Douar is the Arabic word for small villages consisting of tents or huts.

fellah: A fellah is a North African peasant; the word is Arabic in origin.

jacquerie: Originally the name for a 14th-century French peasant revolt, jacquerie became the name for any peasant revolt.

Katanga: In 1960 the mineral-rich region of Katanga seceded from the newly independent Democratic Republic of Congo, and Katanga collaborated with Belgian military forces and white mercenary forces.

lumpenproletariat: In Algeria, these were the poor and unemployed living in shanty towns.

Maquis: In World War II, the Maquis were groups of French Resistance fighters in rural, mountainous regions; later the term came to mean any group of rural guerrilla fighters.

maquisard: In World War II, the maquisards were French Resistance fighters from the rural, mountainous regions; later the term came to mean any rural guerrilla fighters.

Mau-Mau: The Mau were militant Kenyan nationalists who waged a campaign of sabotage and assassinations against the British in the 1950s.

Negritude: This 20th-century literary movement promoted the beauty and dignity of writing by black African and Caribbean writers.

neocolonialism: This term describes the continuation of colonial rule by other means after independence has been formally achieved.

Oran: A port city in Algeria, Oran was the jumping-off point for Fanon's unit when he was sent to fight in Europe in World War II.

self-criticism: This is a method of discipline for revolutionary communist forces and was practiced by communists in 20th-century Soviet Union and China.

Sétif: This town in Algeria was the site of brutal suppression of resistance to French rule where some 6,000 to 8,000 Algerians were killed.

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